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39 terms

Psychology final

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Aerobic exercise ________ the body's production of serotonin and ________ its production of the endorphins.
increases, increases
The role of repressed childhood conflicts in personality disorders is most clearly emphasized by the ________ perspective.
psychoanalytic
Freud thought that the part of a dream that we remember is a censored version of
unconscious wishes
Bonnie is afraid to express anger at her overbearing and irritating supervisor at work, so she is critical of her children instead. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Bonnie's reaction to her children illustrates
displacement
. Carl Jung emphasized the importance of ________ in personality functioning.
the collective unconscious
Hermann Rorschach introduced what has become the most widely used ________ test.
projective
Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open, spontaneous, and not paralyzed by others' opinions illustrate
self-actualization
Humanistic psychology has been most closely associated with an emphasis on the importance of
a positive self-concept
Which technique would psychologists use to assess whether a cluster of characteristics that includes ambition, determination, persistence, and self-reliance reflects a single personality trait?
factor analysis
One of the Big Five personality factors is
agreeableness
In Allport's view, cardinal traits are
the most pervasive characteristics of one's personality
The most widely adopted trait model of personality today is the
five-factor model
Marcy believes that the outcome of athletic contestants depends so much on luck that it hardly pays to put any effort into her own athletic training. Her belief most clearly illustrates
an external locus of control
Operational procedure of trephination refers to
removal of sections of bone from the skull
Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian most likely shows symoptoms of
ADHD
The diathesis-stress model is an example of which model of abnormal behavior
biopsychosocial
Symptoms that may be misperceived as a heart attack are most characteristic of
panic disorder
Which of the following is an example of an anxiety disorder
phobia
At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. These were replaced with psychiatric hospitals in which attempts were made to diagnose and cure those with psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of
the medical model
Years after he barely survived a terrorist attack that killed his wife and two children, Mr. Puskari suffers recurring flashbacks and frequent nightmares of the event that render him incapable of holding a steady job. Mr. Puskari is most clearly showing signs of
post-traumatic stress disorder
Without success, Maxine spends hours each day trying to suppress intrusive thoughts that she might have forgotten to lock her house when she left for work. Her experience is most symptomatic of
obsessive-compulsive disorder
Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious with his money, but over the past two weeks he has developed grandiose plans to bet his entire life savings on a single horse race. With unrestrained exuberance he has also been giving everybody he sees unsolicited advice on how to make millions in the stock market. Mr. Hoffman's behavior is most indicative of
mania
Although Mark realizes that his behavior is unreasonable, he is so alarmed by high bridges or expressway overpasses that he avoids them by taking an unnecessarily lengthy route to and from work each day. Mark appears to suffer from
a phobia
Antidepressants typically work on which neurotransmitters
serotonin and norepinephrine
Mrs. Higgins believes that aliens from another planet have removed her stomach and are watching her to see how long it takes her to grow another one. Mrs. Higgins is most likely suffering from
schizophrenia
Symptoms of schizophrenia begin to appear at a median age of about
20
Oxygen deprivation at the time of birth is a known risk factor for
schizophrenia
A loss of physical function that has no organic cause is the primary symptom of
conversion disorder
The relationship between the season of the year in which people are born and their subsequent risk of schizophrenia best highlights the role of ________ in this disorder.
viral infections
Kyle is extremely manipulative and can look anyone in the eye and lie convincingly. His deceit often endangers the safety and well-being of those around him, but he is indifferent to any suffering they might experience as a result of his actions. His behavior best illustrates
antisocial personality disorder
Physical complaints that cannot be explained medically are characteristic of
somatoform disorders
During her weekly therapy sessions, Sabrina will often abruptly shift the focus of her attention and lose her train of thought. A psychoanalyst would suggest that this illustrates
resistance
Schizophrenia may involve imbalances in which neurotransmitter system
dopamine
To help Adam reduce his fear of dogs, a therapist encourages him to physically relax and then simply imagine that he is walking toward a friendly and harmless little dog. The therapist's technique best illustrates
systematic desensitization
If a patient suffers uncontrollable seizures, physicians can destroy specific nerve clusters that cause or transmit the convulsions. This best illustrates a procedure known as
psychosurgery
Which of the following is a selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor
Prozac
Which of the following individuals is most likely to benefit from lithium
Miranda, who experiences periods of extreme sadness followed by episodes of optimistic overexcitement
Waxy flexibility is a feature of the _____ type of schizophrenia
catatonic
Minor tranquilizer drugs are also called
antianxiety drugs