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Aerobic exercise ________ the body's production of serotonin and ________ its production of the endorphins.

increases, increases

The role of repressed childhood conflicts in personality disorders is most clearly emphasized by the ________ perspective.


Freud thought that the part of a dream that we remember is a censored version of

unconscious wishes

Bonnie is afraid to express anger at her overbearing and irritating supervisor at work, so she is critical of her children instead. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Bonnie's reaction to her children illustrates


. Carl Jung emphasized the importance of ________ in personality functioning.

the collective unconscious

Hermann Rorschach introduced what has become the most widely used ________ test.


Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open, spontaneous, and not paralyzed by others' opinions illustrate


Humanistic psychology has been most closely associated with an emphasis on the importance of

a positive self-concept

Which technique would psychologists use to assess whether a cluster of characteristics that includes ambition, determination, persistence, and self-reliance reflects a single personality trait?

factor analysis

One of the Big Five personality factors is


In Allport's view, cardinal traits are

the most pervasive characteristics of one's personality

The most widely adopted trait model of personality today is the

five-factor model

Marcy believes that the outcome of athletic contestants depends so much on luck that it hardly pays to put any effort into her own athletic training. Her belief most clearly illustrates

an external locus of control

Operational procedure of trephination refers to

removal of sections of bone from the skull

Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian most likely shows symoptoms of


The diathesis-stress model is an example of which model of abnormal behavior


Symptoms that may be misperceived as a heart attack are most characteristic of

panic disorder

Which of the following is an example of an anxiety disorder


At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. These were replaced with psychiatric hospitals in which attempts were made to diagnose and cure those with psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of

the medical model

Years after he barely survived a terrorist attack that killed his wife and two children, Mr. Puskari suffers recurring flashbacks and frequent nightmares of the event that render him incapable of holding a steady job. Mr. Puskari is most clearly showing signs of

post-traumatic stress disorder

Without success, Maxine spends hours each day trying to suppress intrusive thoughts that she might have forgotten to lock her house when she left for work. Her experience is most symptomatic of

obsessive-compulsive disorder

Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious with his money, but over the past two weeks he has developed grandiose plans to bet his entire life savings on a single horse race. With unrestrained exuberance he has also been giving everybody he sees unsolicited advice on how to make millions in the stock market. Mr. Hoffman's behavior is most indicative of


Although Mark realizes that his behavior is unreasonable, he is so alarmed by high bridges or expressway overpasses that he avoids them by taking an unnecessarily lengthy route to and from work each day. Mark appears to suffer from

a phobia

Antidepressants typically work on which neurotransmitters

serotonin and norepinephrine

Mrs. Higgins believes that aliens from another planet have removed her stomach and are watching her to see how long it takes her to grow another one. Mrs. Higgins is most likely suffering from


Symptoms of schizophrenia begin to appear at a median age of about


Oxygen deprivation at the time of birth is a known risk factor for


A loss of physical function that has no organic cause is the primary symptom of

conversion disorder

The relationship between the season of the year in which people are born and their subsequent risk of schizophrenia best highlights the role of ________ in this disorder.

viral infections

Kyle is extremely manipulative and can look anyone in the eye and lie convincingly. His deceit often endangers the safety and well-being of those around him, but he is indifferent to any suffering they might experience as a result of his actions. His behavior best illustrates

antisocial personality disorder

Physical complaints that cannot be explained medically are characteristic of

somatoform disorders

During her weekly therapy sessions, Sabrina will often abruptly shift the focus of her attention and lose her train of thought. A psychoanalyst would suggest that this illustrates


Schizophrenia may involve imbalances in which neurotransmitter system


To help Adam reduce his fear of dogs, a therapist encourages him to physically relax and then simply imagine that he is walking toward a friendly and harmless little dog. The therapist's technique best illustrates

systematic desensitization

If a patient suffers uncontrollable seizures, physicians can destroy specific nerve clusters that cause or transmit the convulsions. This best illustrates a procedure known as


Which of the following is a selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor


Which of the following individuals is most likely to benefit from lithium

Miranda, who experiences periods of extreme sadness followed by episodes of optimistic overexcitement

Waxy flexibility is a feature of the _____ type of schizophrenia


Minor tranquilizer drugs are also called

antianxiety drugs

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