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Terms in this set (35)
Femoral triangle consists of:
Popliteal fossa consists of:
medial/lateral head of gastrocnemius
Anterior compartment of thigh:
extensors of knee
Posterior compartment of thigh:
extensors of hip and flexors of knee
Medial compartment of thigh:
adductors of hip
Anterior compartment of leg:
dorsiflexion of foot and extension of digits
Posterior compartment of leg:
plantar flexion of foot and flexion of digits
Lateral compartment of leg:
eversion of foot
Femoral nerve innervates:
most muscles of anterior thigh
Obturator nerve innervates:
most muscles of medial thigh
Tibial nerve innervates:
most muscles of posterior thigh
Common fibular nerve innervates:
most muscles of anterior and posterior leg
Which of the following tarsals is immediately anterior to the talus?
Pointing the toes downward, as in standing on tip-toe, involves which movement of the ankle?
The ___ nerve innervates the muscles of the anterior thigh and provides cutaneous sensation to most of the anterior of the lower limb.
If a patient experiences weakness in extension at the hip, but no change in hip flexion, and no difficulty in flexion or extension of the knee, what muscle is most likely not functioning properly?
T/F: The knee joint is formed by the interactions of the femur, patella, and fibula.
Extensors of the knee are in the:
anterior compartment of thigh
Which of the following is a skeletal structure comprised of parts of the ilium, ischium, and pubis?
If a patient is experiencing weakness in extending the hip, which nerve may be damaged?
A patient with a fracture to the left upper tibia was treated with a plaster cast. A few days later he started to develop progressive numbness over the dorsum of the foot and weakness in dorsiflexion. The cast was quickly changed and the signs were attributed to nerve compression. The compressed nerve was most likely the:
deep fibular nerve
As a patient with paralyzed gluteus medius and minimus muscles on the left side attempts to stand on the left limb only, the right side of the pelvis typically:
A patient has lacerated the dorsum of her foot just below her ankle. The profuse bleeding that occurs would result from cutting which vessel?
dorsalis pedis artery
Which of the following has an attachment within the intercondylar fossa of the femur?
posterior cruciate ligament
A pedestrian is struck by a car, and his proximal fibula is fractured. There is no indication of foot drop, but he cannot evert his foot and the top of his foot is numb. This apparent nerve lesion would affect which of the following muscles?
Damage to the femoral nerve could affect which of the following movements?
flexion of the hip
The _____ nerve passes between piriformis and ______ muscles.
sciatic; obturator internus
After suffering a penetrating injury in the left femoral triangle, a patient was unable to walk normally because her left knee collapsed into flexion upon weight bearing. When sitting in a chair, her left leg felt unusually heavy when she tried to extend her knee. The nerve to which muscle was damaged?
An athlete has a knee injury, and the doctor performs the "drawer test" by pulling and pushing on the leg with the knee flexed. If the leg "gives" or moves too far anteriorly when the leg is pulled anteriorly, what joint structure is most likely injured?
anterior cruciate ligament
A deep laceration, immediately posterior to the medial malleolus, may injure any of the following EXCEPT:
anterior tibial artery
A 63-year-old female patient says that she has pain in her groin and upper thigh. Upon examination, you palpate a lump located below the inguinal ligament lateral to its attachment to the pubic tubercle. You suspect that this may be a hernia passing through the:
Which movement would fail in case of paralysis of the quadriceps femoris muscle?
extension at the knee
An elderly woman was found to have a hernial sac in the right femoral triangle and a marked weakness in adduction at the right hip joint. Which nerve was likely compressed by this herniation?
The pulse of the femoral artery is best felt at which superficial reference point?
At which site could one expect to enter the femoral vein with a simple percutaneous (through the skin) introduction of an instrument?
medial to the femoral arterial pulse
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