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World Geography - Canada
6th grade SS
Terms in this set (53)
the strong connection people feel toward the region in which they live.
on or near the sea
Peace, Order and Good Government
from Canada constitution
head of Canada's government
Canada's governing body, includes the House of Commons and the Senate.
similar to state governments, led by a "premier" (similar to a state governor), there are 10 provinces.
New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, Labrador
New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island
Eastern Provinces Economy
forestry and fishing industries
in Nova Scotia, largest city in the region
Quebec and Ontario, more than half of all Canadians live in these two provinces
Quebec, Canada's second largest city, french speaking. Financial and industrial center of Quebec
people in Quebec that believe they should be given a special status, possibly even to become a separate country. This is a strong example of regionalism
Canada's leading manufacturing province. Hamilton Ontario makes steel and sends most of it to the U.S.
Capital of Ontario, a city known for industry, finance and education
Canada's national capital, in Ontario - both french and english spoken here
Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.
Western Provinces economy
prairies - wheat, oil and natural gas production, Canadian rockies tourism.
Province on the far west coast of Canada, it is rich in natural resources including forests, salmon and valuable minerals.
capital of British Columbia. This city does a lot of trade with Asia.
Canadian North Provinces
Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Very cold, only has about 100,000 people living there. Includes forests and tundra.
a new territory created for the native Inuit people. It means "our Land" - and this territory has its own distinct or separate culture and government.
Mineral production : titanium, gold, iron and coal. Iron and Steel. Tourism.
Canada's fastest growing service industry.
Canada depends on trade, especially with the U.S. 60% of Canada's imports are FROM the US, 85% of Canada exports go TO the US.
Petroleum products, Automobiles and parts, Lumber
Automobiles and parts, Chemicals, Plastics
St. Lawrence River
Western Canada, in both the US and Canada
St. Lawrence River
Eastern Canada serves as a natural border between US and Canada. An important international waterway
located between Ontario and New York, flows between two of the great lakes, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario
a region of rocky uplands, lakes and swamps. This physical feature covers about half of the country, and curves around Hudson Bay on the Eastern side.
cool to freezing temperatures year-round, Much of northern Central and Northern Canada has a sub-arctic climate. The Central and Eastern climate is relatively mild. Mildest climate is in British Columbia.
Atlantic and Pacific coastal waters
some of the world's richest fishing areas.
a large fishing ground near Newfoundland and Labrador. This is where the cold waters from Labrador Sea meet the warm waters of the Gulf Stream - ideal conditions for plankton growth which is food for fish.
another valuable resource for Canada - Canada is a lead producer of nickle, zinc and uranium. Lead, copper, gold and silver also important.
Saskatchewan - potash, used in fertilizer
Alberta -oil and natural gas
softened wood fibers, used to make paper
cheap paper used mainly for newspapers, Canada supplies majority of this to US, United Kingdom and Japan.
Ontario region is very fertile, grows wheat, soybeans, corn, vegetables.
Banff National Park
one of the world's most beautiful national parks, found in the Canadian Rockies.
Vikings first in about 1000 AD
Europeans explorers in 1400
First European settlers in 1600s were French.
Canada's First People
Indians and the Inuit native people were first Canadians. These groups divided and became the First Nations. There are about 400,000 Indians and Inuit people in Canada today
The territories claimed by the French when they settled in Canada. They established - set up or created - Quebec in 1608. Served as a base for the spread of French Culture. French traded with native Canadians . New France lasted 150 years until the French were defeated by the British. New France helped establish Canada's cultural makeup.
When Canadians created their own government, the Dominion of Canada. Motto: From sea to sea. The Dominion of Canada was step toward independence from Britain.
The French and Indian War took place, where Britain took control of New France.
administrative divisions of a country
Transcontinental Railway 1885
connected Canada from sea to sea, gave people a way to trade and migrate from the Eastern part of Canada to the Western.
Hudson's Bay Company
a British fur-trading company, sold a lot of Northern land to Canada.
a history of British and French rule is reflected in the culture. Also - Canada experienced great waves of immigration, so it is a very diverse country.
many people came to Canada in the late 1800s and early 1900s - many from Britain, Russia and Germany, as well as the U.S. Immigrants were lured by jobs in mining, farming, lumber, factories. Also the Discovery of Gold in the Yukon Territory drew a lot of people.
many Chinese immigrants moved to Canada to work on the railway. British Columbia has a large Asian minority population. Due to all the possible jobs and prosperity - Canada had one of the highest standards of living in the world by the 1940s.
Toronto is one of the most culturally diverse cities in the world. After World War II more immigrants from Europe came, as well as from Africa, Latin America and Asia. Asia has provided lots of money to Canada's economy.
many Canadians are leaving farms and rural setting and heading to the cities. They do this to find jobs and escape the harsh climate.
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