42 terms

English III AP Vocab #7

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allay
to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve (verb)
allay
The politician made a speech in order to ____ his constituents' fears.
calumniate
to slander; to accuse falsely and maliciously (verb)
calumniate
Not only did the artist's enemy seek to discredit her while she was alive but tried to ____ her memory as well.
coup
a highly successful stroke, masterstroke, tour de force, act, plan, or stratagem; a sudden takeover of power or leadership (noun)
coup
The accountants used a legal ____ to cover up the company's shaky financial position.
dissidence
a difference of opinion; discontent (noun)
dissidence
When the commanding officer announced that all leave was cancelled, there was widespread ____ in the ranks.
dogmatic
certain of the truth of one's own ideas; inclined to state opinions as if they were indisputable facts (adjective)
dogmatic
People who are ____ are unlikely to have much tolerance for views that differ from their own.
echelon
one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a step-like formation or arrangement (noun)
echelon
Although the civil servant began in the lower ___ of government service, he rose quickly through the ranks.
effrontery
shameless boldness, impudence (noun)
effrontery
After having been suspended for disrespectful behavior, the student had the ____ to talk back to his teacher again.
embellish
to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details (verb)
embellish
The best storytellers ____ their tales in ways that help readers visualize the setting.
illusory
misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality (adjective)
illusory
Police state tactics provide an ____ sense of security in an unjust society.
indigent
needy, impoverished (adjective)
indigent
The number of homeless and ____ persons has increased since the economy took a downturn.
inordinate
far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive (adjective)
inordinate
The press showered the popular actor with ____ praise for what seemed a rather ordinary performance.
litany
a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list (noun)
litany
Whenever she talks about her childhood, she recites an interminable ____ of grievances.
mandate
an authoritative command, formal order, authorization (noun)
mandate
The peacekeepers were sent into the war-torn country under a UN ____ to protect minority populations.
mandate
to issue such an order (verb)
mandate
The environmental protection agency has ____ that all automobiles pass an annual emissions test.
picayune
of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded (adjective)
picayune
A supervisor who fusses about every ____ fault of the workers will lower morale and productivity.
paucity
an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth (noun)
paucity
The senate campaign was marred by a ____ of original ideas.
recant
to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed, renounce, retract (verb)
recant
On the stand, the defendant ____ the guilty admissions she had made in her confession to the police.
refulgent
shining, radiant, resplendent (adjective)
refulgent
The swift-flowing stream beside our house was ____ in the morning light.
sacrosanct
very sacred or holy; inviolable; set apart or immune from questioning or attack (adjective)
sacrosanct
Members of the clergy felt privileged to be entrusted with guarding the ____ relic.
saturnine
of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood (adjective)
saturnine
Ebenezer Scrooge, the main character of Dickens' A Christmas Carol, has a decidedly ____ temperament.
unremitting
not stopping, maintained steadily, never letting up, relentless (adjective)
unremitting
George's grudge against his cousin was so ____ that years later they still do not talk.