5. Age of Jackson and Industrial Revolution.
Terms in this set (25)
#John Quincy Adams
As Secretary of State in 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work. He served as sixth president after Monroe.
Distinguished senator from Kentucky, who ran for president five times until his death in 1852. He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and known as "The Great Compromiser." Outlined the Compromise of 1850 with five main points. Died before it was passed however.
Loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole (North vs South).
#Daniel Webster (1782-1852)
A great American orator. He gave several important speeches, first as a lawyer, then as a Congressman. He was a major representative of the North in pre-Civil War Senate debates, just as Sen. John C. Calhoun was the representative of the South in that time. He also switched from opposing to supporting tariffs because New England had built up its manufactures with the understanding tariffs would protect them from foreign competitors.
#Age of Jackson
period when marked by belief that ordinary people should vote in elections, hold office, and do anything they had the ability to do. 1824-1840.
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.
(1832-1833) was the showdown between President Andrew Jackson and the South Carolina legislature, standing by John C. Calhoun's State Rights doctrine, which declared the 1832 tariff null and void in the state and threatened secession if the federal government tried to collect duties. It was resolved by a compromise negotiated by Henry Clay in 1833.
#John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
In response to the rapid expansion by the United States, this native tribal group formed a national government, sought to modernize their society, but were forcibly relocated in the 1830s.
#Indian Removal Act
law passed in 1830 that forced many Native American nations to move west of the Mississippi River
#Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
#Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
A Supreme Court ruling that declared a state did not have the power to enforce laws on lands that were not under state jurisdiction; John Marshall wrote that the state of Georgia did not have the power to remove Indians; this ruling was largely ignored by President Andrew Jackson
#Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
The Supreme Court upheld broad congressional power to regulate interstate commerce. The Court's broad interpretation of the Constitution's commerce clause paved the way for later rulings upholding expansive federal powers.
The development of industries for the machine production of goods.
A method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building as opposed to previous cottage industry or working from home system.
place in which workers and machines are brought together to produce large quantities of goods
Identical pieces that could be assembled quickly by unskilled workers, introduced by Eli Whitney.
Application of science to help people
A boat that moves by the power of a steam engine, made it easier and quicker to travel goods, introduced in US by Robert Fulton and his Claremont.
The process by which passengers or goods are moved or delivered from one place to another.
Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system, revolutionizing transportation in the west
#Cotton Gin, 1793
a machine invented by Eli Whitney; revolutionized cotton production by greatly speeding up the process of removing seeds from cotton fiber. Lead to a Boom and a Belt.
The imparting or exchanging of information or news, during the early US Industrial Age it is improved with Samuel Morse's Telegraph.
Movement of people from rural areas to cities
Movement of individuals into a population
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