fundamentals of communication midterm (SBU Swiatkowski)
Terms in this set (65)
Public speaking is a vital means of ________________ as it is a way to express your ideas and to have an impact on issues that matter in society.
_______________ is focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence, and the differences between fact and opinion.
Most people tend to be anxious before doing something important in public. The ones who are successful have learned to use their nerves to their advantage. True or False?
Speechmaking becomes more complex as cultural diversity increases. However, as long as you make your culture clear in your speech and focus on your point of view, the audience will understand your intentions. True or False?
-Public speaking requires more formal language.
-Public speaking requires a different method of delivery.
-Public speaking is more highly structured
differences between public speaking and conversation
Identify the elements of the speech communication process.
intro, body, conclusion
three main parts of a speech are called
Extemporaneous delivery means delivering a speech "off the cuff," with no advance preparation. True or False?
According to the text, colorful and descriptive language is an effective way to generate audience interest in an introductory speech. True or False?
Your text recommends that you present your first speech without advance preparation so it will sound spontaneous in class. True or False>
A sentence or two that lets the audience know that a speaker has finished one thought and is moving on to another is called a ________
Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs. True or False?
violates the Bill of Rights in the US Constitution.
As explained in your textbook, public speakers have an obligation to avoid name-calling and other forms of abusive language because such language ______
If something is legal, it is also ethical. True or False?
According to your textbook, __________________ plagiarism occurs when a speaker copies word for word from two or three sources.
Get an early start on researching and preparing your speech.
What is recommended by your textbook as a way to avoid plagiarism?
A speaker's ethical obligation decrease as the size of the audience decreases. True or False?
-Put ethical principles into practice.
-Make sure your goals are ethically sound.
guideline for ethical speechmaking?
speechmaking carries heavy ethical responsibilities because it is a form of
Because opinions on the Internet are free for anyone to use, it is ethical to use them in your speech without citing your source. True or False?
Note taking is usually a barrier to effective listening. True or False?
Even when we are listening carefully, we usually grasp only about ________ percent of what we hear.
a skilled therapist listening to a patient is an example of appreciative listening. true or false?
Hearing and listening are essentially the same thing. true or false?
Julia is listening to her meteorology professor explain how to interpret images from Doppler radar. Because Julia's goal is to understand the information being presented, she is engaged in __________________ listening.
Today was Samantha's birthday, and her friends were taking her out for a surprise evening. It was hard enough to pay attention to speeches on a hot afternoon, but Samantha's mind kept wandering to what her friends might be planning-- and who might be coming. According to your textbook, the most important cause of Samantha's poor listening was
When you listen to a speech, it is usually a good idea to try to remember everything the speaker says. true or false?
Listening to provide emotional support for someone is called empathic listening. true or false?
when you listen to evaluate a speaker's message for purposes of accepting it or rejecting it, what kind of listening is involved?
Suspend judgment until you hear all the speakers has to say.
a way to improve your listening?
free of figurative language
the central idea of a speech should be
lacks a reference to the audience.
"To explain the three major benefits of cycling as a form of exercise" is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement because it
Brainstorming is a way of clearing your mind so you can relax while choosing a speech topic. true or false?
inappropriate in a speech to inform?
Although most of the process of audience adaptation occurs as part of preparing a speech, a speaker may still need to adapt his or her remarks to the audience during the presentation of the speech. true or false?
The aim of successful speechmaking is to gain a desired response from listeners by any means necessary. true or false?
knowledge, interest, and attitude
three primary factors to consider when assessing an audience's disposition toward a speech topic?
To say that people usually want to hear about things that are meaningful to them is to say that people are
distinguish among quotations, paraphrases, and your own ideas
When taking research notes, you should
authorship, sponsorship, and recency.
three criteria discussed in your textbook for assessing the soundness of documents found on the internet?
Examples are particularly useful in taking ideas that might otherwise seem vague, impersonal, or lifeless and making them specific, personal, and lively. true or false?
you need to make sure that the statistics you use in your speeches come from reliable sources. true or false?
-book, magazine, newspaper, or Web document being cited.
-author or sponsoring organization responsible for the document.
-qualifications of the author with regard to the topic.
when citing sources during a speech, a speaker should usually identify the
identify the sources of your statistics
when using statistics in a speech, you should
A connective is a word of phrase that links the ideas of a speech and indicates the relationship between them. true or false?
The most effective order of main points in a speech depends above all on your topic, purpose, and
Which organizational pattern would probably be most effective for arranging the main point of a speech with the specific purpose "To inform my audience of the steps involved in starting an online business"?
-how clearly the audience understands the speech.
-how the audience views the competence of the speaker.
-how confident the speaker feels about his or her delivery.
how well a speech is organized likely will influence
signal the end of the speech and reinforce the speaker's central idea.
two major functions of a speech conclusion are to
reveal the topic
major objective of a speech introduction?
-judge whether each part of the speech is fully developed.
-ensures that ideas flow clearly from one to another.
-solidify the structure of a speech.
Outlining is important to public speaking because an outline helps a speaker
Use comparison and contrast
methods recommended in your textbook for avoiding too many abstractions in an informative speech?
-Relate the subject directly to your audience.
-Don't be too technical.
-Personalize your ideas.
guideline for effective informative speaking?
translate technical information into everyday language.
when giving an informative speech, you should take special care to
Use language accurately.
Use language clearly.
basic criterion for the effective use of language in public speaking?
connotative meanings give words their ____________ power.
using repetition and parallelism to enhance the ____________ of your speeches.
-make sure the video is sharp enough for a large screen or monitor.
-cue the video to start exactly where she wants it.
Jessica plans to show a video of an explosion in her speech. According to your textbook, she should
________ are especially valuable for showing an audience statistical trends and patterns.
Use images strategically.
Use a limited amount of text.
Use colors consistently.
you should do when preparing a presentation tool, such as PowerPoint slides, for a speech?
Changes in a speaker's rate, pitch, and volume are referred to as
Go through your preparation outline aloud to see if what is written works orally.
FIRST step of practicing delivery?
Support your position with statistics, examples, or testimony.
Summarize your position at the end of the speech.
recommended when you need to speak impromptu?
An extemporaneous speech is carefully prepared and practiced in advance. true or false?
Rehearsing how you behave at the beginning and end of your speech is one of the easiest things you can do to improve your image with an audience. true or false?