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History chapter 6
Terms in this set (53)
The selling or buying of a position in the Christian church
Relating to a style of church agriculture the developed in medieval Europe, featuring ribbed vaults, stained glass, windows, flying buttresses, pointed arches, and tall spires
The pope that issued the holy wars
One of the expeditions in which medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the holy land from the Muslims
A Muslim leader, which Jerusalem fell to. He was a Kurdish warrior
Richard the Lion-Hearted
English king who fought Saladin in the Third Crusade
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
A Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy - especially the one active in Spain during the 1400s.
a system of farming developed in medieval Europe, in which farm land was divided into three fields of equal size and each of these was successively planted with a winter crop, planted with a spring crop, and left unplanted.
A medieval association of people working at the same occupation, which controlled its members wages and prices
The expansion of trade and business that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries
A medieval merchant-class town dweller.
The everyday language of people in a religion or country
he argued that the most basic religious truths could be proved by logical argument. He influenced Aristotle
Scholars who gathered and taught at medieval European universities
William the Conqueror
duke of Normandy who led the Norman invasion of England and became the first Norman to be King of England
An English king added to holdings by marrying Eleanor of Aquitaine from France l. This got Henry a large territory in France. He introduced jury to England
A unified body of law formed by England's royal judges
The most celebrated document in history drawn up by English nobles saying that all must obey the law... even the king
A body of representatives that makes laws for a nation (a legislative group)
An undistinguished duke from the middle of France, who ruled over very important trade routs.
One of the most powerful Capetians who seized Normandy and tripled his territory under direct control
An assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in France.
This is the city that the pope move the church. This move weakened the church
A division in the medieval Roman Catholic Church, during which rival popes were established in Avignon and in Rome
English scholar who argued that the Bible was the final authority for Christian life. He preached Jesus was the head of the church not the pope
Influenced by Wycliffe's writing, a professor in Bohemia who taught the authority of the Bible was higher than that of the pope. He was excommunicated and seized by Church leaders, tried as heretic and burned at the sake.
A deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid-14th century, killed millions of people
Hundred Years' war
A conflict in which England and France battled on French soil and on and off from 1337 and 1453
Joan of Arc
French Peasant girl felt moved by God to rescue France from its English conquerors
rebirth a period of European history, lasting from about 1300 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture let to far- reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world
A renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
a person who supports artists, especially financially
An artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface.
the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region.
Thomas Moore wrote utopia an ideal place an imaginary land
Famous Renaissance writer
Inventor of the printing press
a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
A 16th century movement for religious reform leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the popes authority
A member of a Protestant church founded on the principles of the reformation
Peace of Augsburg
1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
To cancel or set aside
relating to the Church of England
the doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved
A body of religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin
A gov. in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure a government controlled by religious leaders
A member of a Protestant church governed by presbyters (elders) and founded on the teachings of John Knox
Protestants who insisted that only adult baptism conformed to Scripture. They had to be old enough to decide to be Christian and had to believe in the separation of church and state
A 16th century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant reformation
members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola
Council of Trent
A meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by the Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers
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