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Metabolism & Nutrition
Terms in this set (34)
energy needed to carry out metabolic activities of the cells and tissues
What is metabolism?
the science of optimal cellular metabolism and its impact of health and diseases
what is nutrition?
carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, minerals and water
what are the essential nutrients needed in the body?
what are carbohydrates?
slower break down due to its fiber. most vegetables
what are complex carbohydrates and examples?
easily converted into energy and raises blood glucose levels quickly...fruit juices, soda and white bread
What are simple carbohydrates and examples?
acts a roughage in the body
is resistant to digestive enzyme
excellent for bowel regulation and aid in lower cholesterol
what is the function of fiber?
growth, repair, and maintenance which needed in the health process
what is the primary function of protein?
muscles, skin, bone, blood and lymph tissue
where is protein stored?
fish, meats, dairy, and nuts
What are examples of nutritional sources of protein
Provide insulation, structure and temperature control
what is the primary function of fats?
how much of the brain is fat?
unsaturated fats are made from plant sources and is soft/liquid at room temperature
--saturated fats are originated from animal sources or tropical sources and is solid at room temperature
What is the difference between unsaturated and saturated fats?
facilitate chemical reactions in the body
what is the primary function of vitamins?
provide structure and help regulate body processes
what is the primary functions of minerals?
fluid medium for all chemical reactions
What is the primary function of water in the body?
vitamin b and c
what are examples of water soluble vitamins?
A, D, E, K
what are fat soluble vitamins?
what how much of an adult weight is water
brain, lungs, heart, liver, kidney
what organs are composed of large quantities of water?
less than 31%
how much water are in the bones?
How much water is composed of the internal organs
it get rid of what is doesn't need
How does the body use water soluble vitamins?
it stores it for later use
How does the body use fat soluble vitamins?
weight to height ratio
what is bmi
What is underweight bmi
what is normal bmi?
what is overweight bmi?
what is obese bmi?
- exposure to evironmental temperatures
- access to inability to take in enough fluids
- excessive intake of diruetics
- high fever
what are signs of dehydration?
technique to check hydration by assesses skin elasticity
what is skin turgor?
the skin is slow to return and appears to be tenting
what is an indication of fluid loss?
- subjective and objective findings
- working with a dietitian ass needed
what assessment tools and screening is used for nutrtion?
- health promotion: readiness for enhanced self-managment
-risk for imbalanced nutrition r/t effects of depression from recent loss in family
- actual: imbalance nutrition r/t less or more than body requirements or disturbed body image
what are some nutritional nursing diagnosis
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