am hist chap 16
Terms in this set (50)
was a Spanish dictator and leader of Spain from 1936/39-1975. Franco has been considered a far-right, semi-fascist leader. In 1936 Franco led a group of Spanish army officers to rebel against the Spanish republic.
series of laws enacted in 1935 and 1936 to prevent U.S. arms sales and loans to nations at war. The first two acts outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war. The third act was passed in response to the fighting in Spain.
Stalin focused on creating a model communist state and made both agricultural and industrial growth prices for economic goals of Union. He abolished all privately owned farms and replaced them with collectives.
Why did Japan invade Manchuria?
The Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931 in hopes of gaining more natural resources to support their massive expansion and militarization. They no longer wanted to rely heavily on the U.S for resources and decided Manchuria was ideal for a Japanese expansion.
How did Germany's and Italy's involvement affect the outcome of the Spanish Civil War?
The Italians provided constant supply of troops and the Germans gave up a large chunk of its air force. They also supplied the Nationalist Army with all kinds of war materials and weapons.
What type of foreign policy did the U.S. adopt after WWI?
The U.S. adopted an isolationism and neutrality policy.
What laws did Congress pass regarding foreign policy?
Congress passed the reciprocal trade agreement act. This act lowered trade barriers by giving the president the power to make trade agreements with other nation and was aimed at reducing tariffs by as much as 50 percent. Also congress passed a series of Neutrality Acts; the first two acts outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war. The third act was passed in response to the fighting in Spain.
was the British Prime Minister. Chamberlain was best known for his appeasement foreign policy, and in particular for his signing of the Munich Agreement in 1938, conceding the German-populated Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Germany. Chamberlain also led Britain through the first eight months of World War II.
was a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. Widely regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the 20th century, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army. Churchill said that Britain and France had to choose between war and dishonor and they chose dishonor.
Charles de Gaulle
was a French general who fled to England where he set up a government in exile. De Gaulle proclaimed defiantly, that France has lost a battle but France has not lost the war. was a French general who fled to England where he set up a government in exile. De Gaulle proclaimed defiantly, that France has lost a battle but France has not lost the war.
giving up principles to pacify an aggressor which was a shameful policy that Daladier and Chamberlain had adopted.
agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war with each other, which was signed by Stalin when tensions rose over Poland.
from the German word meaning lightning war, a sudden massive attack with combine air and ground forces, intended to achieve a quick victory.
Explain Hitler's motives for expansion and how Britain and France responded.
Hitler's motives for expansions were that Germany could not compete with the naval power of Britain so Hitler had begun to assemble an invasion fleet along the French coast. Hitler had 2,600 planes at his disposal which he used to fly over London for two months to make bombing runs. Both Britain and France did not respond.
Why was the blitzkrieg effective?
It gave the target no time to prepare or put up a much of a fight. Adolf Hitler used this strategy very well.
What policy, signed by Neville Chamberlain, did Winston Churchill oppose? Why?
Winston Churchill opposed the policy of appeasement by blatantly saying Britain and France had to choose between war and dishonor. They chose dishonor. They will have war. Churchill knew and warned that Hitler was not finished expanding the third Reich.
What event drew Britain and France into war with Germany? Why?
France and Great Britain entered WWII because of treaties with Poland. The treaties with Poland indicated that if Poland were to be attacked, then France and Great Britain would come to Poland's aid. Germany launched an unprovoked attack upon Poland, and then France and Great Britain declared war upon Germany.
What terms of surrender did Hitler demand of the French after the fall of France in 1940? What was General Charles de Gaulle's reaction?
Hitler handed French officers his terms of surrender. Germans would occupy the northern part of France and a Nazi- controlled puppet government, headed by Marshall Philippe Peatin, would be set up at Vichy in southern France. De Gaulle responded saying that France has lost a battle but France has not lost the war.
What role did Britain's Royal Air Force play in the Battle of Britain? Why was this battle so important?
The RAF fought back brilliantly. With the help of a new technological device called radar, British pilots accurately plotted the flight paths of German planes, even in the darkness. In 1940 the RAF shod down over 185 German planes. This was important because then 6 weeks later Hitler had called off the invasion of Britain indefinitely.
was the mass murder or genocide of approximately six million Jews during World War II, a program of systematic state-sponsored murder by Nazi Germany, led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, throughout the German Reich and German-occupied territories. Of the nine million Jews who had resided in Europe before the Holocaust, approximately two-thirds were killed. Over one million Jewish children were killed in the Holocaust, as were approximately two million Jewish women and three million Jewish men.
The Nuremberg Laws
classified people with four German grandparents as "German or kindred blood", while people were classified as Jews if they descended from three or four Jewish grandparents. A person with one or two Jewish grandparents was a crossbreed, of mixed blood.
was also referred to as 'The night of broken glass' and was an attack against the Jews in Nazi Germany and some parts of Austria. Jews were killed and the attack left the streets covered with broken glasses from the Jews stores. The attack was due to the assassination of a German diplomat called Ernst Vom Rath by a Jew resident in Paris.
the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group though what constitutes enough of a "part" to qualify as genocide has been subject to much debate by legal scholars.
is a part of a city in which members of a minority group live, especially because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
a place where large numbers of people, esp. political prisoners or members of persecuted minorities, are deliberately imprisoned in a relatively small area with inadequate facilities, sometimes to provide forced labor or to await mass execution. The term is most strongly associated with the several hundred camps established by the Nazis in Germany.
What was the goal of the "Final Solution"?
The goal of the final solution was to annihilate the Jews of Europe. The genocide of the Jews was the culmination of a decade of German policy under Nazi rule and the realization of a core goal of the Nazi dictator, Adolf Hitler.
What groups did Nazis deem unfit to belong to the Aryan "master race"?
Homosexuals, the mentally deficient, the mentally ill, the physically disabled, the incurably ill, gypsies, freemasons, and Jehovah's witnesses were deemed unfit to the Aryan master race.
How did some Europeans show their resistance to Nazi persecution of the Jews?
Some Europeans showed their resistance by assisting those being persecuted. This was often done through protective safe houses. Some Christians would assist Jews to live under their homes.
Lend Lease Act:
a program under which the United States supplied Great Britain, the USSR, Republic of China, Free France, and other Allied nations with materiel between 1941 and August 1945. It was signed into law on March 11, 1941, a year and a half after the outbreak of World War II in Europe in September 1939. This was nine months before the U.S. entered the war.
was a pivotal policy statement issued in August 1941 that, early in World War II, defined the Allied goals for the post-war world. It was drafted by the leaders of Britain and the United States, and later agreed to by all the Allies. The Charter stated the ideal goals of the war: no territorial aggrandizement; no territorial changes made against the wishes of the people; restoration of self-government to those deprived of it.
Germany, Japan, Italy
Great Britain, France, America, and the Soviet Union.
a general of the Imperial Japanese Army. He was Prime Minister, and was directly responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor, which initiated war between Japan and the United States, although planning for it had begun before he entered office. After the end of the war, Tojo was arrested, sentenced to death for Japanese war crimes
What was the United States official position at the beginning of WWII (1939)?
At the begging of World War 2, the United States did not want anything to do, with it, most people believed that it is over the sea and it is not our problem. But eventually the United States entered the war due to a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.
How did the Unites States help the Soviet Union?
The US gave massive aid during the war in the form of food, uniforms, raw materials, fuel, trucks, and jeeps.
Why (what action) did the United States enter World War II
The United States joined in the World War II after 7th of December, 1941; the day which Pearl Harbor was attacked. Prior to this America had stayed away from the war and wasn't a part of either the Allied or the Axis powers. However, when Japan destroyed almost the entire American navy with a surprise bombing of Pearl Harbor which was of its primary naval bases, the U.S joined in fighting alongside France and Britain.
At the end of WWI a lot of countries were established and most of them have what kind of government?
What happened to a lot of these countries and their democratic form of government?
Japan was unique in that at times the military ran the government. How did this happen?
Japan convinced its people that the other countries wronged Japan and were responsible for Japans failing economy. So the government allowed the military to start to run the country and invade other countries.
Why did Japan bomb Pearl Harbor?
Japan bombed Pearl Harbor because the United States cut off all trade with Japan. The embargoed goods included one japan could not live without; oil.
Which nation signed a nonaggression pact with Germany that led to the invasion and division of Poland?
The Soviet Union.
Following their policy of appeasement, what did Britain and France do?
They submitted to Hitler's demands.
At the end of WW1 many democracies were replaced by what?
They were replaced by dictators.
What did Hitler oppose?
Hitler opposed the Treaty of Versailles.
What happened during the battle of Britain?
Germany bombed Britain for two months. Britain then invented radar which allowed them to defeat Germany.
What are made it harder for Germany to attack France?
What were work camps called under Stalin?
What was the name of Hitler's book?
Where is the first place that Japan decided to attack?
What is the Sudetenland?
It is a part of Czechoslovakia where many of the people spoke German. Hitler thought that he had the right to this land since the people spoke German. This was Hitler's last demand.
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