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ComPol Exam 2
Terms in this set (42)
Basic Law of 1949
pronto-constitution of the Federal Republic of German, which continues to function today. split Germany into 3 zones of occupation after WWII created by the allies, and was to ensure that a dictator would never come into power again
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Weimar Republic (significant because?)
The constitutional system of Germany between the end of World War I and the Nazi seizure
It demonstrates how democracy can fail when it is too ambitious and when internal forces work against it
This rule obliges a part to get at least 5% of the "second votes" in order for its candidates to get seats in the Bundestag as a party
analysis of capitalism in third world and developed countries. Show how colonial expansion and imperialist rivalry were necessary catalysts for the changes in capitalism in the early 20th centuries. Modifications to Karl Marx's economic theories. Believes that imperialism is the highest stage of capitalism and can be achieved with monopoly and the exportation of capital.
Marx's Communist Manifesto
Introduction of class, political change happens not because of the debate of ideas, but because of the differences of material wealth. People have manipulated their way to the top. History of Haves and Have nots (Have Nots promote danger).
Dictator of the Soviet Union; led the SU through World War II and created a powerful Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe after the war
Kruschev's 1956 Speech
public condemnation of Joesph Stalin to a closed session of the Communist Party of Russia. Campaign to defame Stalin and expose the image of the dictator. Wanted to revert back to Lenin policy. Released a document where Lenin warned of Stalin that he would abuse his power. Criticized Stalin for not preparing for the German Invasion of Russia. Exposed him for deporting entire nationality groups, his glorified behavior,
Leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. Wanting reform, he renounced the Brezhnev Doctrine, pulled troops out of Afghanastan, supported Glasnost, and urged perestroika; but all this failed.
Glasnost vs. Perestroika
Perestroika is Gorbachev's policy as head of the Communist Party. The goal was to bring the USSR economy to the same level as the rest of the Western world through capital investment. (Also to increase USSR's technology). After two years, his plan was unsuccessful and so he pushed for economic policy that loosely resembled a semi-free market. Gorbachev's second plan was Glasnost, "openness". Plan to democratize the political system. This would lead to economic and social recovery because the people of the USSR would be involved in the political process. Glasnost also allowed more freedom to the media and more reports and complaints of the shortcomings of the government arose.
A system of governance in which the ruler treats the state as personal property
a state in which those with political power prey on the people and the nation's resources to enrich themselves rather than using their power to promote national development
Bandung Conference/Nonaligned Bloc (Movement)
The first Asian African conference where they said we are not going to allow neocolonialism from European countries anymore, 54% of the population was represented. Goal was to promote the Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation. Big first step to the nonaligned movement. The nonaligned movement is a forum of 120 developing countries who are not involved in any other large global organizations
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
In 1868, a Japanese state-sposored industrialization and westernization effort that also involved the elimination of the Shogunate and power being handed over to the Japanese Emperor, who had previously existed as mere spiritual/symbolic figure.
Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) refer to restrictions that result from prohibitions, conditions, or specific market requirements that make importation or exportation of products difficult and/or costly.
Chiang Kai-Shek/KMT vs. Mao Tse Tung (also sp. Zedong)
Nationalist Movement and Partition
ended in 1947 when India gained independence. After, the country was split along religious lines, resulting in the majority Hindu India, the majority muslim Pakistan, which later lost the territory that is now Bangladesh as well. The regions that were split include
Mahatma Gandhi and Satyagraha
the political predecessor to Nehru who studied/promoted satyagraha, or peaceful civil disobedience. This political movement inspired Henry David Thoreau, MLK, and other civil rights leaders
Industrial Policy/Statism (Why has this annoyed the US)
Rajya Sabha vs. Lok Sabha
India's legislature, with a higher and lower house, respectively. Bicameral Parliamentary system, the legislature elects the Prime Minister, which is the head of state.
India's first Prime Minister. Fought against the british imperialism under the tutelage of Gandhi. He desired a secular republican state, which he helped build after the Indian Congress elected him prime minister in 1947
The Sikhs of India
Ethnic/religious group from the northwestern region of India, or Kashmir. Monotheistic religion that often clashes with the hindu/muslim populations of India. Supported the British during their occupation, which gained them british favor.
One reason for the lack of development in Latin America. Because of the oppression of the latin american people by the spanish imperialists.
Corporatism ("Corporatist State"; also "State Corporatism")
advocates for the organization of society in corporate groups, such as agriculture, religion, military, etc. Theoretically, if all of these groups act within their designed function, then society works together harmoniously. Basically advocates for interest groups
(Dahilts) Dalit Movement
is a socio-political movement by Dalits in India started by B. R. Ambedkar. It radically re-interpreted Buddhism and created a new school of Buddhism called Navayana. The movement has sought to be a socially and politically engaged form of Buddhism.
"Chicago School": (Recall: Impact on Latin American politics = economic liberalization = a complete reversal of Leftist past)
The Chicago School referred to an economic movement during the 1970s and the 1980s => Height of Reagan economic policy. Focused on the free market and monetarism. Impacted latin american politics through Latin american students who came to America to learn the theory. They went back south and brought these ideas to traditionally leftist countries with more state controlled economies.
Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
the most elite and prestigious all-India civil service, the IAS staffs virtually all the most senior positions in state and central governments, as well as many state enterprises. It is recruited mainly through a national and very competitive annual examination.
Brazil, Russia, India, and China. Basically a list of similarly developed economic powers/rapidly developing countries.
CCP Established in?
The Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution were both:
radical movements launched by Mao in his efforts to achieve his efforts for China,
India has the third largest Muslim population after
Indonesia and then Pakistan
What is the IAS:
Indian Administrative Services
Untouchables are also called
the Scheduled Casts
Prime Minister in India is selected by
the party with the most seats in the Sabah
The IAS refers to
Which of the following does not explain the following in Cashmere
Britain's policy of divide of rule
Japans Shogunate was an example of
What leader to the Meiji restoration
Commodore Perry, the forced opening of the country
The first guess workers in German came from
Weimar republic failed due to:
The Lower house and the German legislature is called the
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