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40 terms

American Government Chapter 3

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One interesting feature of the U.S. Constitution is that it is
The oldest operating consutitution the world
Like the framers at the Constitutional Convention, the creators of European Union were concerned about
A balance between the power of large and small states, the exercise of power ar the federal level, fundamental calues and unity, the jurisdiction and scope of governmental power. (All of these)
Which of the following statements concerning the colonies is incorrect?
There were no guilds of exclusive professional occupations
The goal of the First Continental Congress was to
restore harmony between Britain and the colonies
When George McGovern tried to make Watergate an issue in the 1972 election
the media rebuked him for "negative" campaigning
When Nixon resigned, Gerald Ford became the nation's first _______ president
unelected
The Declaration of Independence was based on input from many people, but its primary author was
Thomas Jefferson
John Locke's social contract theory was embodied in
the Declaration of Independence
A result of the Second Continental Congress was
the adoption of the Declaration of Independence
By signing the Declaration of Independence, the rebels
committed an act of treason
The War of Independence
lasted for longer than anyone expected
The War of Independence lasted about
six and a half years
A republic is a government
resting on the consent of the governed
In forging a new government, the biggest concern of the colonial revolutionaries was
making it as democratic as possible
A confederation can best be described as
a loose association of independent states
Originally, the Constitutional Convention's purpose was to
revise the Article of Confederation
The Consitution was written in
1787
Which of the following statements concerning the Constitutional Convention is incorrect?
Thirteen states selected delegates
The method for choosing the president was designed to address which of the following concerns?
Distrust of the judgment of the people and the small states' fears that the large states would dominate the selection process
Which of the following best identifies the bases for state representation in the electoral college?
Number of representatives in Congress
Which of the following statements is incorrect?
None of these
In assigning the powers of government, the Constitution
lists the powers given to the national government and the powers denied the states and leaves all other powers to the states
A constitutional clause that allows for a broad interpretation of implied powers is known as a(n) ________ clause.
elastic
The Constitution requires _______ to "take care that the laws be faithfully executed" under _______ power
the president; enumerated
The Constitutional article that enabled Alaska and Hawaii to become states is
Article IV
If a state's drinking laws allowed eighteen-year-olds to drink aloholic beverages in violation of the federal government's age requirement of twenty-one, the federal government's age restriction would supercede the state's law based upon the
supremecy clause
Supporters of the Constitution named themselves
Federalists
The Federalist papers were written by
Alexander Hamiltion, John Jay, James Madison
The primary contribution of the Federalist papers is
their insight into the reasons for constitutional provisions
Antifederalists attacked the proposed Constitution on the grounds that
the national government it created was too strong
The chief obstacle to ratification of the Constitution by the states was
the omission of a bill of rights
The _______ amendment protects against unreasonable seraches and seizures
fourth
The _________ amendment protects against unreasonable cruel and unusual punishment
eighth
The constitutional amendment process requires
extraordinary majorities
A newly proposed amendment to prohibit flag burning would be Amendment number
twenty-eight
The unusual aspect of the Twenty-Seventh Amendment is that it
was proposed in 1789 and ratified in 1992
The ________ amendment guarantees citizens' right to vote cannot be denied "on account of sex."
nineteenth
The Supreme Court first declared that the courts have the power to overturn government acts that conflict with the Constitution in
Marbury v Madison
The framers of the Constitution intended _______ to be the stronges branch(es) of government
Congress
The struggle to decise a new constitution at the Constitutional Converntion represented an attempt to find an appropriate balance between
Freedom and Order