15 terms



Terms in this set (...)

Platt Amendment
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
belief that the U.S. should not expand its territory overseas and that the U.S. should just be a normal country and leave the other countries alone
Acquisition of the Philippines
Roosevelt told Commodore George Dewey to descend upon Spain's Philippines. May 1, 1898, Dewey sailed with six warships into the harbor of Manila (Philippines capital); quickly defeated their ten ships. More troops arrived and on August 13, 1898, they captured Manila; collaborated with Filipino insurgents commanded by Emilio Aguinaldo.
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Theodore Roosevelt
1858-1919. 26th President. Increased size of Navy, "Great White Fleet". Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. "Big Stick" policy. Received Nobel Peace Prize for mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war. Later arbitrated split of Morocco between Germany and France.
Spanish American War and the Treaty of Paris
Ended the Spanish American war. Spanish gave up control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam. Also sold Philippines to U.S. for $20 million.
Monroe Doctrine
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
Annexation of Hawaii
U.S. wanted Hawaii for business and so Hawaiian sugar could be sold in the U.S. duty free, Queen Liliuokalani opposed so Sanford B. Dole overthrew her in 1893, William McKinley convinced Congress to annex Hawaii in 1898
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Social Darwinism
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
Josiah Strong
a popular American minister in the late 1800s who linked Anglo-Saxonism to Christian missionary ideas
extreme patriotism
Panama Canal
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States, it opened in 1915.
McKinley's assassination
McKinley was killed by an anarchist angry about working conditions in 1901
Treaty of Portsmouth
1905 treaty between Russia and Japan ending the Russo-Japanese War