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90 terms

Reproductive System

STUDY
PLAY
men/o
menstruation
-gravida
pregnant
gynec/o
female
colp/o
vagina
cervic/o
cervix
ov/o
egg
oophor/o
ovary
prostat/o
prostate
orchid/o
testicle
metr/o
uterus
episi/o
vulva
-pexy
surgical fixation
salping/o
fallopian tube
mamm/o
breast
nulli-
none
endometrium
inner layer of the uterus
zygote
fertilized egg immediately after conception
Bartholin's glands
produces mucus to lubricate the vagina
fimbriae
finger-like structures of the fallopian tube that catch the ovum
premenstral
phase of the menstrual cycle the occurs approximately between days 15 and 28
anteflexion
normal position of the uterus
menarche
the beginning of the menstrual function that begins at puberty
epidiymis
runs down the length of the testicle and then turns upward into the body, where it becomes a narrower tube called the vas deferens
perineum
region between the vaginal orifice and the anus
ovulation
the release of a mature egg by the ovary
lactiferous ducts
carry milk from the mammary
scrotum
encloses the testicles
vuvla
external female genitalia
prepuce
protets the tip of the penis
clitoris glands
sensitive tissue near vaginal opening
primigravida
a woman during her first pregnancy
colostrum
fluid secreted by the breast during the first days after giving birth
vulvitis
inflammtion of the vulva
azoospermia
total absence of sperm in the semen
nullipara
a woman who has never borne a viable child
prostate gland
secretes a thick fluid that aids the motility of the sperm
menstruation
the normal periodic discharge from the uterus
placenta
sac that hold is baby while in the mother (also known as the afterbirth)
papenicolaov test
an exfoliative biopsy for the detection and diagnosis of conditions of the cervix and surrounding tissues (also known as pap's mere)
circumcision
surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis
gonorrhea
STD characterized by painful urination and abnormal discharge
syphilis
STD caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum
genital herpes
STD antiviral durgs ease symptoms but do not cure
genital warts
STD human papilloma virus
trichomonas
STD a vaginal inflammation caused by a protozoan parasite
pyosalpinx
an accumulation of pus in the fallopian tube
varicocele
a varicose vein of the testicles
retroflexion
abnormal tipping with the body of the uterus bent and forming an angle with the cervix
oligomenorrhea
a markedly reduced menstrual flow and abnormal infrequent menstruation
chorionic villus sampling
the diagnostic test that is usually performed between the eighth and tenth week of pregnancy
areola
the dark area surrounding the nipple
breech presentation
when the buttocks or feet are presented first during delivery
eclampsia
most serious form of toxemia of pregnancy
colporrhaphy
suturing the vagina
umbilical cord
structure that connects the fetus to the placenta
father
when the mother's blood is Rh-negative and the father's is Rh-positive, the baby may inherit the Rh factor from which parent
lochia rubra
vaginal discharge that occurs during the first week or two after childbirth
hysteroscope
an endoscope used for direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus
amion
also known as the bag of waters
dilation
the expansion of an opening
mittelschmerz
pain between menstrual periods and usually occurs at the time of ovulation
PSA
test to check for prostate cancer
Apgar score
an evaluation of a newborn infant's physical status
hystersalpingography
the uses of dye through a catheter to see an image of the uterus and fallopian tubes
ectopic pregnancy
pregnancy that occurs within the fallopian tubes
prostatomegaly is a symptom of
prostatomegaly is a symptom of
cesarean section
delivery through an incision in the maternal abdominal and uterine wall (also known as a "C" section)
prostesterrhea
urethral discharge coming from the prostate gland
amenorrhea
the stopping for menstrual periods without pregnancy
episotomy
used to prevent laceration of the tissues during the delivery of a baby
spontaneous abortion
a miscarriage
fibroid
a benign tumor derived from the smooth muscle of the uterus (also known as leiomyoma)
vastectomy
surgical removal of a portion of both vas deferens, a sterilization procedure
placenta previa
abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus
neonate
a newborn baby
colostrum
fluid secreted by the breasts during the first days after giving birth
menometrorrhagia
excessive uterine bleeding that occurs during both the menses and at irregular intervals
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
cervical dysplasia
precancerous lesions of the cervix
leukorrhea
profuse white mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina
vaginocele
a hernia protruding into the vagina
mastodynia
pain in the breast
endometritis
inflammation of the endometrium
oophoroplasty
surgical repair of an ovary
vaginodynia
pain in the vagina
hysterorrhaphy
to suture the uterus
hysterocele
a hernia of the uterus, particularly during pregnancy
oophoropexy
surgical fixation of a displaced ovary
hysterorrhexis
rupture of the uterus, particularly during pregnancy
vulvovaginitis
inflammation of the vulva and the vagina