Ch 18.3 The Cold War at Home

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Terms in this set (...)

2nd Red Scare
the growing concern about the security of the United States. The Soviet domination of Eastern Europe and the Communist takeover of China shocked the American public, fueling a fear that communism would spread around the world. In addition, 100,000 Americans claimed membership in the Communist party after WWII, resulting in the public's fear that these peoples' first loyalty was to the Soviet Union
Loyalty Review Board
Group that investigated government employees and dismissed those who were found to be disloyal to the U.S. government. It was set up as a part of the Federal Employee Loyalty Program to combat communism in America
HUAC
a congressional committee that investigated Communist influence inside and outside the U.S. government in the years following WWII. The committee first made headlines when it began to investigate communist influence in the movie industry because they believed that communists were sneaking propaganda into films. The committee pointed to the pro-Soviet Union films made during WWII when the Soviet Union had been a United States ally
Hollywood Ten
Group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding Communist influence in Hollywood
blacklist
a list of 500 actors, writers; producers; and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood flims b/c of the alleged Communist connections
Rosenberg
Were American communists who were executed after having been found guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage. The charges were in relation to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. Theirs was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history
Joseph McCarthy
1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American goverment, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists
McCarthyism
the attacks, often unsubstantiated, by Senator Joseph McCarthy and the people suspected of being communist in the early 1950s

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