Organic chemistry in terms of chemical substances and chemical formulas.
Terms in this set (40)
Contain only only carbon-to-carbon single bonds. The most chemically inert of all organic compounds.
Contain carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds.
Contains only carbon and hydrogen. Can be divided into aliphatic and aromatic classes.
A saturated hydrocarbon that contains only hydrogen (the maximum number) and carbon. Does not contain benzene ring.
Contain at least one benzene ring or similar structural features.
Consists of a ring of six carbon atoms with alternating single and double carbon-carbon bonds.
Shows the actual bonding of atoms to each other.
Shows all the atoms in a molecule and places them in a sequential order.
States the actual number of each kind of atom found in a molecule.
Compounds that have identical molecular formulas but different structures.
Saturated hydrocarbons (containing only carbon-to-carbon single bonds); derivatives of methane. Noted by the suffix "-ane" and sometimes by the prefix "cyclo-"
Unsaturated hydrocarbons containing at least one carbon-to-carbon double bond. Noted by the suffix "-ene"
Unsaturated hydrocarbons containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. Noted by the suffix "-yne"
An atom or group of atoms arranged in a particular way that is primarily responsible for the chemical and physical properties of the molecule in which it is found. There are a total of 10 of these.
Organic compounds that contain the hydroxyl group (R-OH). Noted by the the suffix "-ol"
Contains one group
Contains two groups.
Contains three groups.
Contains four groups.
Organic compounds that contain the carboxyl functional group, also referred to as organic acids. Noted by the suffix "-oic acid"
Organic compounds formed by the reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. Noted by the suffix "-oate"
Nomenclature for the acid group in an ester.
Hydrocarbon derivatves in which two of the hydrogen atoms, attached to a terminal carbon, have been replaced by a double-bonded oxygen atom (carbonyl group). Noted by the suffix "-al"
Organic compounds containing the carbonyl group attached to two organic radicals. Noted by the suffix "-one"
An organic compound whose molecules have two alkyl groups joined to the same oxygen atom (R-O-R). Noted by the suffix "-oxy" and "-ane"
The organization that formulated nomenclature rules to name hydrocarbons.
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Prefix - 1 carbon.
Prefix - 2 carbons.
Prefix - 3 carbons.
Prefix - 4 carbons.
Prefix - 5 carbons.
Prefix - 6 carbons.
Prefix - 7 carbons.
Prefix - 8 carbons
Prefix - 9 carbons
Prefix - 10 carbons.
[o] Loss of hydrogen or electron, the gain of oxygen.
[R] Loss of oxygen, the gain of hydrogen or an electron.