44 terms

Short Story Terms Review (Live Set)

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Terms in this set (...)

plot
sequence of events in a narrative
narrative
another word for story
character
an entity (animal or human) in a narrative
setting
the time and place; can be natural or manufactured
central conflict
the protagonist's main problem
mood
the feeling created by the imagery, setting, and tone
climax
the point of highest intensity/suspense
initial incident
something that "triggers" the rising action
exposition
introductory portion of the story that introduces main characters, setting, and conflict
rising action
the events or decision building up to the climax
falling action
the events leading from the climax to the resolution
resolution
also called a "denouement"; reveals the outcome of the conflict
protagonist
the leading or central character
antagonist
any character who opposes the protagonist
narrator
the "voice" who tells the story; can be character or an observer
foreshadowing
providing hints about what will happen next
flashback
breaking away from the present time to revisit a past event
tone
the author's attitude
internal
a conflict that occurs inside/within the protagonist or hero
external
a conflict the protagonist has against others, nature, time, technology, etc.
static character
this type of character does NOT experience any significant change in life perspective
dynamic character
this type of character DOES experience a significant change in life perspective
flat character
this type of character is one-dimensional and, therefore, quite predictable
round character
this type of character is complex; we see multiple sides to his/her personality
stereotype
a character based on an overly simplified type understood by the general public
technical climax
also known as a "turning point"; the protagonist makes an important, life-altering decision, usually irreversible
dramatic climax
the point or points of highest intensity or suspense; there can be many of these high intensity moments
natural setting
the time (including time of day, time in history) and place (limited to terrain, climate, weather, etc.)
manufactured setting
the man-made items in the story (houses, personal belongings, etc.)
first person
the story is told from a character who is also the narrator; thus, the point of view is limited to one person's perspective
third person limited
The narrator is an observer, telling the story from the eyes of ONE character; readers only see the thoughts of this one character
third person omniscient
The narrator is an all-knowing observer able to tell the story from the eyes of all the characters; readers see the thoughts of many characters
internal conflict
a problem within the protagonist, usually a dilemma/hard decision he/she must make
external conflict
a problem outside the protagonist; can be against other characters or the setting
outside force
any force not associated with the conflict that worsens the conflict
point of view
the eyes through which the narrator tells the story; HOW the story is told
dramatic
irony in which the reader knows something a character does not
situational
irony in which the opposite of what is expected happens
verbal
irony in which what is stated is opposite of what is meant
exposition
the part of the story during which the protagonist, setting, and conflict are introduced
rising action
the part of the story during which the author builds suspense and/or intrigue as a build up to the climax
denouement
the part of the story during which the conflict is either resolved or unresolved
direct characterization
the author simply tells us about the character's personality and feelings
indirect characterization
the author shows us what the character's personality is like