75 terms

Short Story Terms Review (Live Set)

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Terms in this set (...)

plot
sequence of events in a narrative
narrative
another word for story
character
an entity (animal or human) in a narrative
setting
the time and place; can be natural or manufactured
central conflict
the protagonist's main problem
mood
the feeling created by the imagery, setting, and tone
climax
the point of highest intensity/suspense
initial incident
something that "triggers" the rising action
exposition
introductory portion of the story that introduces main characters, setting, and conflict
rising action
the events or decision building up to the climax
falling action
the events leading from the climax to the resolution
resolution
also called a "denouement"; reveals the outcome of the conflict
protagonist
the leading or central character
antagonist
any character who opposes the protagonist
narrator
the "voice" who tells the story; can be character or an observer
foreshadowing
providing hints about what will happen next
flashback
breaking away from the present time to revisit a past event
tone
the author's attitude
internal
a conflict that occurs inside/within the protagonist or hero
external
a conflict the protagonist has against others, nature, time, technology, etc.
static character
this type of character does NOT experience any significant change in life perspective
dynamic character
this type of character DOES experience a significant change in life perspective
flat character
this type of character is one-dimensional and, therefore, quite predictable
round character
this type of character is complex; we see multiple sides to his/her personality
stereotype
a character based on an overly simplified type understood by the general public
technical climax
also known as a "turning point"; the protagonist makes an important, life-altering decision, usually irreversible
dramatic climax
the point or points of highest intensity or suspense; there can be many of these high intensity moments
natural setting
the time (including time of day, time in history) and place (limited to terrain, climate, weather, etc.)
manufactured setting
the man-made items in the story (houses, personal belongings, etc.)
first person
the story is told from a character who is also the narrator; thus, the point of view is limited to one person's perspective
third person limited
The narrator is an observer, telling the story from the eyes of ONE character; readers only see the thoughts of this one character
third person omniscient
The narrator is an all-knowing observer able to tell the story from the eyes of all the characters; readers see the thoughts of many characters
internal conflict
a problem within the protagonist, usually a dilemma/hard decision he/she must make
external conflict
a problem outside the protagonist; can be against other characters or the setting
outside force
any force not associated with the conflict that worsens the conflict
point of view
the eyes through which the narrator tells the story; HOW the story is told
dramatic
irony in which the reader knows something a character does not
situational
irony in which the opposite of what is expected happens
verbal
irony in which what is stated is opposite of what is meant
exposition
the part of the story during which the protagonist, setting, and conflict are introduced
rising action
the part of the story during which the author builds suspense and/or intrigue as a build up to the climax
denouement
the part of the story during which the conflict is either resolved or unresolved
direct characterization
the author simply tells us about the character's personality and feelings
indirect characterization
the author shows us what the character's personality is like
natural
general setting that refers to climate, weather, terrain, temperature, vegetation, animals, etc.
manufactured
general setting that refers to man-made items like houses, clothing, possessions, etc.
mood
Feeling or atmosphere that elements of setting create for the reader
place
specific aspect of setting that refers to an actual location
time
a specific aspect of setting that refers to the historical era/period, as well as part of a day or year
possessions
a specific aspect of setting that refers to items owned or worn by a character
imply
Authors sometimes use details of setting to ________________ ideas about their characters' conflicts, personalities, and motives.
man-made
"Manufactured" also means _______-_______.
characterization
What is the process by which an author develops a character called?
direct characterization
What kind of characterization is used when the author TELLS the reader what the personality of the character is?
character motivation
What is the reason for a character's actions and decisions called?
indirect characterization
What kind of characterization is used when the author SUGGESTS OR IMPLIES the personality of the character?
character traits
These are details about the character's personality.
major characters
What are characters vital to the development and resolution of the conflict called?
minor characters
What are secondary characters that serve to complement the major characters and help move the plot events forward called?
protagonist
the main character; the one you root for
antagonist
also a main character, but one who is in opposition to the protagonist
round character
A character who demonstrates many character traits and who develops or changes in the course of the story is called a ________ _________.
flat character
A less developed main character who only shows one side of their personality is called a ______ ______.
static character
A character who does not change from the beginning of the story to the end is called a _____ _____.
dynamic character
A character who grows, learns, or changes due to life changing events is called a _____ _____.
indirect
Is this direct or indirect characterization?

Mr. Vega mumbled something, rubbed his eyes, and fell asleep.
direct
Is this direct or indirect characterization?

The cat was fatigued from the long jaunt up the hill.
internal
A character torn by indecision or a dilemma is suffering from a(n) _______ conflict.
external
A character battling nature is experiencing a(n) _____ conflict.
external force
Any event or person (unassociated with the conflict) that makes the protagonist's conflict worse is called a(n) _____ _____.
internal
Is this an internal or external conflict?

You love going to soccer practice every Friday night. However, last week you had to go to dinner with your family instead, and this week a friend has invited you to the movies.
external
Is this an internal or external conflict?

At a party, you spent a lot of time talking to a friend from your math class—just chatting. Now another classmate has spread rumors around school about the two of you.
internal
Is this an internal or external conflict?

Although your friends say that you're very attractive, you think just the opposite. You are overly critical about physical appearance.
actions
What method of characterization is used here --speech, thoughts, effects on others, actions, or looks?

Johnʼs hands trembled in the cold as he fished through his coat pockets for a match. He had already gathered scraps of wood and piled them up to make a fire. Now, he fumbled as he tried to kindle it. The sun had already set and all light was quickly fading from the sky. The temperature dropping just as rapidly.
2
Write the number of the line using INDIRECT characterization.

(1) Hector and his father had a very contentious relationship. (2) Whenever his father would come home late, Hector yelled at him for not being there to take care of the family.

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