Cognitive processes chapter 6
Terms in this set (30)
Context dependent learning
A pattern of data in which materials learned in one setting are well remembered when the person returns to that setting but less well remembered in other settings
a procedure in which someone is led to the same mental and emotional state he or she was in during a previous event; this can promote accurate recollection of that event
An instruction or stimulus inut providedd at the time of recall that can potentially guide recall and help the person to retrieve the target memory
The tendency when memorizing to place in memory both the materials to be learned and also some amount of the context of those materials. As a result, these materials will be recognized as familiar later on only is the materials appear again in a similar context
An individual unit within an associative network. In a scheme using local representations, nodes represent single ideas or concepts. In a scheme using distributed representations ideas or concepts are represented by a pettern of avtivation across a wide number of nodes; the same nodes may also participate in other patterns and therefore in other representations
Functional connections that are hypothesized to link nodes within a mental network or detectors wothin a detector network; these associations are often hypothesized as the carriers of activation from one node or detector to the next
Activation levels below response threshold. Subthreshold activation will not trigger a response nonethe less this activation is important because it can accumulate leading eventually to an activation level that exceedes the response threshold
the addition of two or more seperate inputs so that the effect of these combined inputs is greater than the effect of any one of the inputs by itself.
A process through which activation travels from one node to another via associative links. As each node becomes activated it serves as a source for futher activation spreadin onward through the network
Lexical decision task
A test in which participants are shown strings of letters and must indicate as quickly as possile, whether each string of letters is a word in english or not. It is supposed that people perform this task by looking up these strings in their mental dictionary
A process in which activation of an idea in memory causes activation to spread to other ideas related to the first in meaning
The task of memory retrieval in which the rememberer must come up with the desired materials sometimes in response to a cue that names the context in which these materials were earlier encountered, or sometimes in response to a question that requires the sought after information
The task of memory retrieval in which the items to be remembered are presented and the person must decide whether or not the item was encountered in some earlier circumstance. (have you seen this person before, or is this the poster you saw in the office yeaterday)
a form of memory that allows you to recollect the episode in which learning took place or the time and place in which a particulat stimulus was encountered
in some circumstances the subjective feeling that you have encountered a stimulus beofre in other circumstances the objective fact that you have indeed encountered a stimulus before and are now in some way influenced by that encounter, whether or not you recall the encounter or feel that the stimulus is familiar
The step of explaining a feeling or event usually by identifying the factors (or an earlier event) that are the cause of the current feeling or event.
A distinction between teo experiences you can have in recalling a past event. If youremember having encountered a stimulus before then you usually can offer information about that encounter, including when, where, and how it occured. If you merely know that you encountered a stimulus before then you are likely to have a sense of familiarity with the stimulus but have no idea when or where the stimulus was last encountered
Word Stem completion
a task in which people are given the begining of a word and must provide a word that starts with the letters provided. In some versions of the task only one solution is possible so performance is measured by counting the number of words completed. In other variations of the task several solutions are possible for each stem and performance is assessed by determining which f the responses fulfill some other criterion
A memory revealed bby direct memory testing and typically accompanied y the conviction that one is in fact remembering that is drawing on some sort of knowledge perhaps knowledge about a specific prior episode or perhaps more general knowledge.
Direct memory testing
A form of memory testing in which people are asked expilicitly to remember some previous event. Recall and standard recognition testing are both forms of DMT
A memory revealed by indirect memory and usually manifested as a priming effect in which current performance is guided or facilitated by previous experiences. Implicit memories are often accompanied my no conscious realization that one is in fact being influences by specific past experiences.
Indirect memory test
A form of memory testing in which research participants are not told that their memories are being tested. Instead they are tested in a fashion in which previous experiences can influence current behavior
Illusion of truth
An effect of implicit memory in which clains that are familiar end up seeming more plausible
A memory error in which you misremembered where a bit of information was learned or where a particular stimulus was last encountered
A sequence of detectors and nodes and the connections among these various units that activation flows through in dealing with (recognizing or thinking about) a specific stimulus
an imrovement in the speed or ease of processing that results from prior practice in using those same processing steps
A disruption of memory often due to brain damage
an inability to remember experiences that occured before the event that triggered the memory dissruption.
an inability to remember experiences that occured after the event that triggered the memory disruption
A clinical syndrome characterized primarily by dense anterograde amnesia. Korsakoff's syndrome is caused by damage to specific brain regions and it is often precipitated by a form of malnutrition common among long term alcoholics
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Psychology | Sdorow, Rickabaugh, Betz
Chapter 7 - Glossary
ch 7 cog psych: interconnections between acquisition and retrieval
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Misc location terms
Pertaining to suffixes
Medical Terminology prefixes
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Cognitive Processes chapter 5
Chapter 7 - Cognition
Cognitive Processes Chapters 5&6
Chapter 5 - Cognitive Process