THEA 260 Midterm (american musical theatre)

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

performance traditions
comic opera, viennese operetta, wagnerian/italian opera, german singspiel, british pantomime, vaudeville, burlesque, blackface minstrelsy
music in 18th/19th century
live orchestra, music director, short "waiting music" before start, musical accompaniment throughout evening, an entre' act concert (sung or danced), largely musical afterpiece
delsarte
prescribed acting poses that were used in melodrama so the audience always knew exactly what the character was feeling
the black crook
first american musical (melodrama: charles barras, ballet: david costa)
vaudeville
stage entertainment made up of various acts, such as dancing, singing, comedy, magic shows, animal acts, acrobats, athletes, juggling, scenes from plays, gender impersonators
vaudeville shows have how many acts
9, starts with silent act
harrigan and hart
mulligan guard plays
mulligan guard plays
made fun of para-military social clubs, most songs are diegetic in nature, music by david braham, used ethnic slang/broad stereotypes, characters are mostly poor and represent irish, german, american people
light opera
also called "operetta"; a short opera with spoken dialogue and an amusing story, usually making fun of upper class
operettas were popularized by
w.s. gilbert and arthur sullivan
features of gilbert/sullivan operettas
innocent love, mistaken identity, class conflict, unconventional logic, realist settings/costumes, clever word play, unqualified men who have somehow wheeled their way into public office, disdain for women over 40, at least one word-heavy patter song for lead comedian, intertextuality, duty to one's group/country usually leads to conflict
operetta in america
babes in toyland, el captin, rose-marie
the merry widow
franz lehar, operetta
thomas rice
performed minstrel shows
three parts of blackface minstrelsy
the minstrel line (brother tambo + brother bones, third person called interlocutor), the olio (variety show like vaudeville), the afterpiece (comic one-act play with songs that depict plantation life and utilized given stock characters)
blackface stock characters
jim crow (taken advantage of, humor comes from his humiliation), zip-coon (city-life, high and mighty manner, gets knocked down, humiliation is central)
who was famous for minstrelsy
al jolson and bert williams (actual person of color)
clorindy-the origin of the cakewalk
performed on roof
trip to coontown
performed on third avenue theatre
in dahomey
performed in broadway theatre
all three plays utilized what
minstrel tropes
aria
sung monologue
recicative
singer adopts rhythm of ordinary speech