THEA 260 Midterm (modernism in theatre)

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

richard wagner
forerunner of modernism, influenced 'auteurs', rejects realism/melodrama
drama should depict
the ideal world
wagner's staging
double proscenium, hidden orchestra, no applause, no curtain calls, historical accuracy, classless auditorium, no box seats
influences of modernism
sigmund Freud: dreams, symbols, and the subconscious
jung: collective unconscious
einstein: relativity of time and space
nietzsche, marx, and friends
socialism, communism, nihilism, fascism
despotic government rule in the wake of WWI
expressionism
the artist or writer seeks to express emotional experience rather than impressions of the external world
major tenets
truth is found within humanity's spirit/soul/desire/vision, external reality must be reshaped so that the human spirit can reach its highest aspirations, humans are born good (societal restrictions prevent us from reaching our inner ecstatic reality), revolution of spirit is needed, emphasis on the subject
dramatic theatre
has plot/story, spectator shares experience, linear development, thought determines being, mankind as fixed point
epic theatre
narrative starts/ends leaving issues unresolved, forces spectator to make decisions, montage, mankind as process
verfremdungseffekt
the distancing effect is a technique used in theater and cinema that prevents the audience from losing itself completely in the narrative, instead making it a conscious critical observe, defamiliarization/estrangement
tools of estrangement
removal of fourth wall, narrator, songs interrupting action, projections/placards, masks, anachronistic costume, minimal scenery, visible scene changes, speaking stage directions gestus