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History Briefs Week 23/24
Terms in this set (36)
What is the only Presidential election to elect a President and Vice-President from opposing tickets, or parties?
Election of 1796.
Who was elected President? What was his political party?
John Adams was elected President and his political party was the Federalists.
Who was elected Vice-President? What was his political party?
Thomas Jefferson was elected Vice-President. His political party was a Democratic-Republican.
How did Alexander Hamilton play a part in this outcome?
He was trying to convince some Federalists to vote for Thomas Pinckney and drop Adams from their Ballot.
How was it possible that two candidates from different parties could become President and Vice-President?
It was possible because back then they would vote from multiple people the one with the most votes would be president and the one with the second most would be the vice president. New England Federalists learned of this and dropped Pinckney from their ballots. Thus, Adams won the presidency and Jefferson came in second and was Vice President.
What was the Franco-American Alliance? When was it formed?
The Franco-America was a treaty between the French and Americans and was formed in 1778
With respect to the Franco-American Alliance, what was the treaty of Amity and Commerce?
Officially recognized the new country and encouraged Franco-American trade. The second provided for a military alliance against Great Britain and also required recognition of absolute independence for the United States as a condition of peace.
With respect to the Franco-American Alliance, what was the treaty of Conditional and Defensive Alliance?
On February 6, 1778, the treaties of Amity and Commerce and Alliance were signed, and in May 1778 the Continental Congress ratified them.
When was the Jay Treaty signed? Why would France later be angered by the Jay Treaty?
The Jay Treaty was signed in November 19th, 1794. It angered France because the Jay Treaty would help Britain and Britain was fighting France.
What did France eventually began to do to American merchant ships?
France started to attack the American supply ships and kidnapped and killed sailors.
Who is in the video clip with President Adams?
According the letter, what was the French Prime Minister Talleyrand asking from the United States?
What is the difference between their views about the French government?
The difference between their views is that Jefferson doesn't agree with the French government
while John Adams does.
Who does Jefferson think will be influencing the United States' possible preparations for war?
Jefferson thinks that Washington will refer to Hamilton for the influence of the United States.
Who does Adams blame for the possible war? Who does Jefferson blame?
Adams blames the French government. Jefferson blames the Federalists.
In what year were the Alien and Sedition Acts passed?
They were passed in 1798.
Which political party favored the acts?
The political party that favored the Alien and Sedition Acts were the Federalist.
Part of the acts were aimed at attacking freedom of speech from which political party?
The party was the Democratic-Republican party.
How did the Alien Friends Act affect U.S. citizenship for immigrants?
These laws included new powers to deport foreigners as well as making it harder for new immigrants to vote.
What could happen if an immigrant was suspected of treason?
If an immigrant was suspected of treason they wouldn't be an american citizen/be imprisoned for 3 years.
What was the definition of sedition under the Sedition Act?
Sedition is the illegal act of inciting people to resist or rebel against the government in power.
In what year were the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions written? Why were they written?
The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions were written on 1798. The reason why they were written was to oppose the Alien and Sedition Acts.
Who wrote the Virginia resolution and who wrote the Kentucky resolution? Why would the author of the Kentucky resolution have to be kept secret?
The person who wrote the Virginia resolution was James Madison and Thomas Jefferson wrote the Kentucky resolution. The reason why the author of the Kentucky resolution, Thomas Jefferson had to be kept a secret was because he wasn't from Virginia, Vice president, etc.
Which amendment did supporters of the resolution feel was being violated?
People thought that the 1st, 5th, and 10th amendments were being violated
What is the definition of nullification?
Nullification is a legal theory that a state has the right to disprove any federal law that the state has made unconstitutional. It is an act of cancelling something.
What was the basic argument of the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions?
The Kentucky Resolutions, authored by Jefferson, went further than Madison's Virginia Resolution and asserted that states had the power to nullify unconstitutional federal laws.
Did other states approve of the resolutions?
Other states did not approve of the resolutions.
Who were the main Federalist and Democratic-Republican candidates for President in the Election of 1800?
The main Federalist candidates for President was John Adams, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and the Democratic-Republican candidates for President was Thomas Jefferson, and Aaron Burr
What was the first result of the Electoral College vote?
The first result of the Electoral College was it tied between Aaron Burr and Thomas Jefferson.
What flaw in the Electoral College process allowed this to happen?
The flaw was voting for 2 candidates for President and VP the one with the most vote was president and the runner-up was VP which would mean that is someone was a Federalist President and a Democratic Republic VP.
How many times did the House of Representatives vote to decide the election?
Only two Presidential elections in the 1800 and 1824 have been decided in the House.
How was the tie eventually broken?
The tie was broken by the House of Representatives. Alexander Hamilton convinced everyone to vote for Thomas Jefferson.
What was the long-term effect of this?
The long-term effect of the Election of 1800 was the decline of the Federalists party. The election marked the first time that one party had replaced another in power in the United States. There were also new duties for the Vice-President. The 12th Amendment was eventually passed.
List as many details as you can from the political cartoon.
There is a devil
There is the federal government
There is an eagle
There are 2 people
There is a human
There is a pillar/bell
The eagle is screaming
Pick at least three details form the cartoon and give a brief explanation of what you think they represent.
There is a devil, probably means there is some sort of danger. The Federal Government is there therefore the government might be dealing with a certain situation. And there is an eagle indicating it has some association with America.
What do you think is the message of the cartoon?
What I think the message of this cartoon is maybe a certain America official is dealing with a problem and trying to take down the Federal Government and being influenced by the Devil and the Eagle which is America, trying to stop him.
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