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Chapter 5 Global Ancient Greece

STUDY
PLAY
Socratic Method
pose a series of questions to his students and challenge them to examine the implications of their answers
Plato
Student of Socrates. Author of the Republic
Three Classes
workers soldiers and philosophers
Aristotle
Plato's most famous student. Founder of the Lyceum
Lyceum
school for study of all branches of knowledge
Herodotus
the father of history. stressed importance of research
Thucydides
Wrote about the Peloponisian War
polis
city-state
acropolis
hill top, marble temples dedicated to gods and goddesses
aristocracy
land owning nobles, ruled polis
oligarchy
small, powerful elite business class
phalanx
massive formation of heavily armed foot soldiers
Peloponnesus
southern part of Greece
Zeus
most powerful olympian
Athens
limited democracy, women inferrior, only male citizens in assembly
Sparta
monarchy, military society, women could own property
ostracism
citizens could vote to banish, send away public figure who threatend democracy
Alexander the Great
came to power at age 20, conquered Persia
Hellenistic Civilazation
political turmoil,high moral standards, everyone was morally equal
Rome
center of Italy
Senate
most powerful governing body of the early republic
Patricians
members of landholding upper class
Plebians
farmers,merchants, artisans. Made up most of population
Laws of the Twelve Tables
demand laws be written and displayed
Tribunes
elect officials to protect interest
Punic Wars
fought between Rome and Carthage, 3 of them