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OCTA- 250 Midterm
Terms in this set (61)
explain the purposes of level I fieldwork
Introduce students to the fieldwork experience
Apply knowledge to practice
Develop an understanding of the needs of clients
Using appropriate language, dressing appropriately, acting maturely, speaking clearly and using the correct language
Responsible for the program's compliance with fieldwork education requirements.
Serves a liaison between the program and the fieldwork sites.
Responsible for making sure the program's curriculum aligns with the fieldwork sites
Ensures that students receive proper supervision during their fieldwork placements.
Oversees the fieldwork placements and works with the fieldwork supervisors and students in facilitating fieldwork placements.
Responsible for supervising occupational therapy students on Level I and Level II fieldwork placements.
Guides, Facilitates, and Evaluates the student throughout the placement.
Upon completion of the placement, evaluates whether the student has accomplished the requirements of the fieldwork placement.
FW site supervisor
helps people understand the difference between right and wrong.
Identify and describe the Principles of Ethics (6)
Beneficence- doing good; preventing/removing harm from others
Nonmaleficence- Principle to do no harm
Autonomy- the right of the client to determine his/her own care
Justice- fair treatment of all people and the equal distribution of resources
Veracity- be honest and truthful
Fidelity- be faithful and loyal
Identify the governing entities for occupational therapy and understand the differences between them
AOTA- Has ethic committee to enforce code of ethics; membership is voluntary; can only view complaints while the person is a member; non credentialing
NBCOT- credentialing; certification exam; ability to suspend/revoke the "R" (OTR) or "C" (COTA)
State regulatory boards- licensure; ability to suspend or revoke a practitioner's license
express severe disapproval of (someone or something), especially in a formal statement.
a rebuke or reproof, especially an official one.
the temporary prevention of something from continuing or being in force or effect.
the official cancellation of a decree, decision, or promise.
allows an employer to terminate an employee who is not doing well at their job or is otherwise deemed not suitable for a particular position or any position.
identify the common ethical issues (5)
moral distress, productivity, supervision, caseload competency, fraud
the experience of knowing the ethically appropriate action but feeling powerless or constrained by external factors to implement it
OTAs must uphold legal and ethical standards when working to meet productivity standards
It is never acceptable to falsely bill for services that were not provided or not clinically appropriate
OTAs should have a relationship with his/her supervising OT that is viewed as a priority
Includes having the knowledge to treat certain populations and the ability to manage a certain number of clients in a workday. The caseload should match the OTAs ability to efficiently and effectively provide high quality occupational therapy
List the steps in ethical decision making framework (6)
1. Identify Ethical issue
2. Gather facts and relevant information
3. Identify resources
4. Evaluate options
5. Choose best option and act
6. Reflect on process and the outcome of the decision
Identify ways to foster ethical culture
Maintaining High Professional Standards
having strong knowledge about the scope of practice within the state of licensure; having foundational knowledge of ethical expectations
maintaining high professional standards
Includes clear expectations, maintaining confidentiality, communicating clearly and truthfully, health literacy, safeguarding
forum for team members to openly and honestly reflect on ethical issues
committee established to discuss ethical concerns and solutions
Cooperative process in which two or more people participate in a joint effort to establish, maintain, and/or elevate a level of competence and performance.
List the 6 types of supervision
1. Immediate supervision
2. Direct supervision
3. close supervision
4. Routine supervision
5. General Supervision
6. Minimal Supervision
OT provides face-to-face observation and is within close distance is what type of supervision?
OT is at the site and within speaking distance is what type of supervision?
OT provides initial guidance and daily contact is what type of supervision?
Provides initial guidance and reviews services no less than every 2 weeks, provides supervision by telephone or email is what type of supervision?
Provides initial guidance and reviews services no less than every 30 days, provides supervision by phone or email is what type of supervision?
An OT or OTA who is beginning to develop the OT skills set during the 1st year of practice or the 1st year of practice in an area of OT practice that is new to the practitioner is called what?
An OT or OTA who is increasing and beginning to master the OT skill set is called what?
Intermediate- level practitioner
An OT or OTA who is improving the OT skills and incorporating specialized skills is what?
Advanced practice practitioner
Provided on an as-needed basis is what type of supervision?
Formally documented process of indicating that the OT has determines that the OTA is competent in specific areas of practice.
Understand the role of the OTA in the supervision process
Entry level- supervise volunteers and aides
Intermediate-level: supervise volunteers, OT Aides, Level 1 and 2 OTA students and level 1 OT students
Advanced-level: Same as above plus possible management positions
the degree to which individuals can obtain, process, and understand the basic health information and services they need to make appropriate health decisions.
Features of a learner that may influence his or her own learning experience and retention of information is what?
Characteristics of an environment that support or hinder health literacy is what?
Health literacy environment
Electronic health literacy, or the ability to find, understand, and use information obtained from electronic resources to make health- related decisions is what?
What affects health literacy?
skills, preferences, and expectations of health information and care providers.
Give examples of behaviors that may indicate low health literacy (8)
Avoiding reading pamphlets or filling out forms while in OT sessions
Client states that she has forgotten her glasses or that her eyes or tired
Client states that he will "do this at home"
May not complete intake forms
May complete forms incorrectly
When provided written information, their eyes may wander over but not focus on reading material
May miss appointments
May be anxious, confused, or indifferent with written and health information
Identify ways to create a health literate environment (7)
Provide information about a client's health conditions and how to manage them
Provide multi-sensory and repetitious learning opportunities
Provide information verbally as well as in written formats
Allow opportunities for demonstration of and active practice with new learning
For a group or population, provide learning opportunities that target a variety of learning preferences
Be sure communication, services, and materials are universally accessible to everyone
Communication should be culturally appropriate, in plain language, and be delivered via appropriate media
How good or bad something is. In health care, this would generally be defined as receiving the right services, at the right time, and in the right way to achieve the best possible health.
Know who/what may be concerned with assessing quality (5)
People assess quality by how well an actual product or process turned out.
Everyone within an occupational therapy department or program can be involved in measuring and monitoring quality.
There needs to be formal assessment of quality that is measured and documented.
Administrators, program directors, surveyors, etc. look at quality measures to determine whether they are doing well enough and if not what needs to change.
There are various agencies responsible for monitoring quality and accrediting/licensing health care facilities, companies, and individual providers.
established standards by which current health care practice is measured and a collaborative process aimed at improving the ability of an organization to deliver high quality services.
_________ million Americans (half of adult population) have low health literacy
The average American reads at a _____ grade level
______ of Americans have adequate health literacy to access, understand, and utilize health information
A set of norms that are derived from common morality
The practice of consistently acting in an honesty manner while upholding moral standards of the profession
The experience of knowing the ethically appropriate action but feeling powerless or constrained to implement it by external factors
The willingness to uphold moral and ethical values despite the risk of criticism or negative feedback
A strategy of implementing system- based changes to thwart common issues from arising
One that meets standards established by the ACOTE is what?
Accredited Occupational Therapy Assistant (OTA) program
Process of meeting eligibility requirements for and passing the national certification examination is whaat?
Process of assessing and confirming the qualifications of a licensed or certified health care practitioner is what?
Requirements that OTAs must follow in the delivery of occupational therapy services is what?
Standards of Practice
Introduces students to the fieldwork experiences and different setting is what level of FW?
Level I FW
Transitions students to the role of entry-level practitioners in the specific practice setting is what level of FW?
Level II FW
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