123 terms

WSC 2019 Special Area Unsolved Mysteries Combined

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A geomagnetic reversal is a change in a planet's magnetic field such that the positions of magnetic north and magnetic south are interchanged
magnetic pole reversals
A black hole where things inexplicably vanish.
Bermuda Triangle
an excavation on a small Canadian island off the coast of Nova Scotia that has been the object of attention of treasure hunters since 1795.
Oak Island Money Pit
a giant marine sinkhole off the coast of Belize. It lies near the center of Lighthouse Reef, a small atoll 70 km (43 mi) from the mainland and Belize City
Deep Blue Hole
refers to the unsolved deaths of nine ski hikers in the northern Ural Mountains in the Soviet Union (now Russia) between 1 and 2 February 1959.
Dyatlov Pass incident
an unexplained event in July 1980 when around 300 children suffered fainting attacks, nausea, and other symptoms. The incident happened at the Hollinwell Showground in Kirkby-in-Ashfield, in Nottinghamshire, England
Hollinwell Showground
a figure seen in a photograph taken in 1964 by fireman, photographer and local historian Jim Templeton. The picture was taken on Burgh Marsh, situated near Burgh by Sands, overlooking the Solway Firth in Cumbria, England.
Solway Spaceman
the price of a passenger ticket for travel by aircraft
airfares
the price of a passenger ticket for travel by aircraft; possibly from Northern Italy.
Voynich manuscript
a sculpture by the American artist Jim Sanborn located on the grounds of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in Langley, Virginia. Since its dedication on November 3, 1990, there has been much speculation about the meaning of the four encrypted messages it bears.
kryptos
a nickname given to an organization that on three occasions has posted a set of puzzles to recruit codebreakers/linguists from the public.
Cicada 3301
a radio signal of apparently intelligent life in space. This signal was received one time and one time only
Wow! Signal
language of the Easter Islands
Rongorongo
are messages of unknown origin found embedded in asphalt of streets in about two dozen major cities in the United States and four South American cities
Toynbee tiles
The letters contained threats of violence and personal information that, in some cases, only the recipient was aware of. They were all sent anonymously.
Circleville letters
a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek.
Linear B
an ancient Inca device for recording information, consisting of variously colored threads knotted in different ways.
quipu
a disk of fired clay from the Minoan palace of Phaistos on the island of Crete, possibly dating to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age.
Phaistos Disc
a fragment of a large sandstone slab which originally stood at the mouth of the Singapore River.
Singapore Stone
an illustrated manuscript book by an unknown author, with a text in an unknown language and writing system, that surfaced in Hungary in the early 19th century.
Rohonc Codex
Voynich Manuscript
an illustrated codex hand-written in an unknown writing system
Krptos
a sculpture by the American artist Jim Sanborn located on the grounds of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in Langley, Virginia`
Cicada 3301
a nickname given to an organization that on three occasions has posted a set of puzzles to recruit code breakers/linguists from the public
Wow! Signal
a radio signal of apparently inteligent life in space. This signal was received one time and one time only
Rongorongo
the written language of the Rapa Nui
Toynbee Tiles
messages of unknown origin found embedded in asphalt of streets in about two dozen major cities in the United States and four South American cities
Circleville Letters
a campaign of terror against the entire town, letters contained threats of violence and personal information that, in some cases, only the recipient was aware of
Linear B
A set of syllabic symbols, derived from the writing system of Minoan Crete, used in the Mycenaean palaces of the Late Bronze Age to write an early form of Greek. It was used primarily for palace records, and the surviving Linear B tablets provide substantial information about the economic organization of Mycenaean society and tantalizing clues about political, social, and religious institutions.
quipu
An arrangement of knotted strings on a cord, used by the Inca to record numerical information.
Phaistos Disc
Disk of fired Clay form Minoan palace, its purpose remains unknown.
Singapore Stone
fragment of a large sandstone slab which originally stood at the mouth of the Singapore River
Rohonc Codex
an illustrated manuscript book by an unknown author, with a text in an unknown language and writing system, that surfaced in Hungary in the early 19th century
function of the appendix
storehouse for good bacteria
need for sleep
over the years, the need for REM sleep decreases considerably, while the need for NREM sleep diminishes less sharply
evolutionary missing link
originally static pre-evolutionary concept of the great chain of being, a deist idea that all existence is linked, from the lowest dirt, through the living kingdoms to angels and finally to God
right-handedness
90% left hemisphere
fingerprints
Can be classified as arches, loops, or whorls
laughter
the action or sound of laughing
yawning
Deep prolonged breath that fills the lungs, increases oxygen within the blood.
dreaming
a mental state that usually occurs during sleep that features visual imagery
interstitium
something standing between
bloodtypes
A, B, AB, O
altruism
unselfish regard for the welfare of others
vanishing honeybees
Colony collapse disorder, or CCD, as the sudden mass honeybee losses were called, has faded in recent years as mysteriously as it began
white-nose syndrome
a fungal infection that dehydrates hibernating bats, causing them to wake too early in search of water and food and they die
immortal jellyfish
Turritopsis dohrnii - these jellyfish live in reverse (think benjamin button) and rather than the normal jelly cylcle (polyp->medusa->death)...

1. Polyp forms a medusa
3. Medusa gets injured and sinks to ocean floor
4. Folds body on itself and is reabsorbed
5. Roots into ground like a polyp
6. Polyp forms new medusa
tardigrade indestructibility
microscopic animals blessed with two very cool nicknames — the water bear and the moss piglet: known to survive in temperatures as cold as minus 459 degrees Fahrenheit and as hot as 304 degrees F.
animal intelligence
E. L. Thorndike's studies of learning started as an attempt to understand _______
cryptids
an animal whose existence or survival is disputed or unsubstantiated
Examples: Big Foot, Loch Ness monster, Chubacabra, Yeti
baobab death
tall trees in Africa that are dying recently, becoming the latest possible victims of climate change
zebra stripes
A special function of some viewfinders that displays black and white diagonal stripes on any object in a shot that is too brightly lit.
monarch migration
Late summer adults emerge
Do not mate or lay eggs

Cluster together and fly to overwintering sites
May fly thousands of miles
Do not feed through winter

Spring: mate and begin to fly north
Lay eggs on milkweed

Summer: several generations
giant squid
largest invertebrate
Monsieur Chouchani
the nickname of an otherwise anonymous and enigmatic Jewish teacher who taught a small number of distinguished students in post-World War II Europe and elsewhere, including Emmanuel Levinas and Elie Wiesel.
Lori Erica Ruff
an identity thief who remained unidentified for nearly six years after her death.
Atacama skeleton
6-inch long skeletal remains of a human fetus found in 2003 in a deserted Chilean town in the Atacama Desert.
Taured Man
the story of a man who arrived at a Japanese airport from a country called Taured, a nonexistent country.
Somerton Man
an unsolved case of an unidentified man found dead at 6:30 am, 1 December 1948, on Somerton beach, Glenelg, just south of Adelaide, South Australia.
bog bodies
a human cadaver that has been naturally mummified in a peat bog
Sky Object
objects in sky that many believe to be from the aliens.
Greek Fire
an incendiary weapon used by the Eastern Roman Empire that was first developed c. 672.a combustible compound emitted by a flame-throwing weapon and used to set light to enemy ships
Archimedes Death Ray
Ancient Greek and Roman historians recorded that during the siege of Syracuse in 212 BC, Archimedes (a notably smart person) constructed a burning glass to set the Roman warships, anchored within bow and arrow range, afire.
Mithridate
king of Pontus and Armenia Minor in northern Anatolia from about 120-63 BC
Havana Syndrome
term given to the American and Canadian diplomatic personnel in Cuba who had suffered a variety of health problems, dating back to late 2016, and accusations were made that these were a result of an attack by someone using unspecified technology, possibly sonic in nature
Guesses
answers made without sufficient evidence
Estimations
This is a rough calculation and can be used to work out approximate fractions for example.
Hypotheses
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Theories
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of interest
Inductive Reasoning
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large number of specific observations.
Deductive Reasoning
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)
Abductive Reasoning
concluding something is true by testing hypotheses with evidence
Elements of the Scientific Method
theory, hypothesis, research
Hard Evidence
factual examples and statistics
Forensic Science
The application of scientific knowledge to questions of civil and criminal law.
Known Knowns
events that are to be expected and so involve little uncertainty
unknown unknowns
Dollar amounts included in a cost estimate to allow for future situations that are unpredictable (sometimes called management reserves)
Epistemology
study of knowledge
Johari Window
a visual representation of components of the self that are known or unknown to the self and to others
Belief
a descriptive thought that a person holds about something
Knowledge
Skills, experience, and expertise coupled with information and intelligence that creates a person's intellectual resources
Intuition
an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning
Millenium Prize Problems
seven problems in mathematics that were stated by the Clay Mathematics Institute
Loebner Prize
an annual competition in artificial intelligence that awards prizes to the computer programs considered by the judges to be the most human-like
One Million Dollar Paranormal Challenge
an offer by the James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF) to pay out one million U.S. dollars to anyone who can demonstrate a supernatural or paranormal ability under agreed-upon scientific testing criteria
cognative dissonance
a state of conflicting thoughts or emotions that produces tension that a person works to reduce
whodunit
a mystery or detective story
John/Jane Doe
term used to describe a patient whose identity is unknown
Fata Morgana
complex form of superior mirage that is seen in a narrow band right above the horizon
Cold case
a criminal investigation that has not been solved after a certain amount of time
Preturnatural
not normal or usual
Paranormal
unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes e.g. ghosts, mediums
Atlantis
Mythical ancient island civilization, supposedly destroyed by a volcano
tenth planet
Mars-sized planet appears to be lurking at the edge of the solar system.
The "planetary mass object" seems to be disrupting the orbits of other, smaller rocky bodies within the Kuiper Belt—a disc-shaped region of icy bodies beyond Neptune that encircles the whole solar system and extends around 2.3 billion miles.
Land of Punt
The Land of Punt was an ancient kingdom. A trading partner of Egypt, it was known for producing and exporting gold, aromatic resins, blackwood, ebony, ivory, and wild animals
El Dorado
the term used by the Spanish Empire to describe a mythical tribal chief (zipa) of the Muisca native people in then Spanish colonial province of Colombia, who, as an initiation rite, covered himself with gold dust and submerged in Lake Guatavita.
Area 51
The United States Air Force facility commonly known as Area 51 is a highly classified remote detachment of Edwards Air Force Base, within the Nevada Test and Training Range.
Holy Grail
a treasure that serves as an important motif in Arthurian literature. Different traditions describe it as a cup, dish or stone with miraculous powers that provide happiness, eternal youth or sustenance in infinite abundance, often in the custody of the Fisher King
New Zealand
a country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean consisting of 2 main islands, both marked by volcanoes and glaciation. Capital Wellington, on the North Island, is home to Te Papa Tongarewa, the expansive national museum.
Fountain of Youth
a spring that supposedly restores the youth of anyone who drinks or bathes in its waters.
dark matter
matter that does not give off electromagnetic radiation but is quite abundant in the universe
Jack the Ripper
the best-known name for an unidentified serial killer generally believed to have been active in the largely impoverished areas in and around the Whitechapel district of London in 1888.
Dale Kerstetter
a maintenance man and security guard at Corning who went missing with a quarter-million-dollars worth of platinum from Corning Glassworks.
Mandy Hampton
a fictional character from the American serial drama The West Wing, portrayed by Moira Kelly.
Amelia Earhart
First female pilot to cross the Atlantic. She disappeared while trying to fly around the world.
Sodder Children
On Christmas Eve, December 24, 1945, a fire destroyed the Sodder home in Fayetteville, West Virginia, United States. At the time, it was occupied by George Sodder, his wife Jennie, and nine of their ten children. During the fire, George, Jennie, and four of the nine children escaped.
Edgar Allan Poe
American writer known especially for his macabre poems, such as "The Raven" (1845), and short stories, including "The Fall of the House of Usher" (1839).
Starlite
a material claimed to be able to withstand and insulate from extreme heat. It was invented by British amateur chemist and hairdresser Maurice Ward during the 1970s and 1980s
Roanoke
Established in 1587. Called the Lost Colony. It was financed by Sir Walter Raleigh, and its leader in the New World was John White. All the settlers disappeared, and historians still don't know what became of them.
Library of Alexandria
The greatest collection of writings in the ancient world, founded in the third century b.c. at the behest of Alexander the Great; could be considered the first university.
DB Cooper
Unidentified man who hijacked aircraft, extorted $200,000, and parachuted out
Mayan Civilization
American civilization located in Central America that saw its height from 200-900 CE.
Dinosaurs
An extremely diverse group of ancient reptiles varying in body shape, size, and habitat.
Lost Tribes of Israel
The ten tribes of the northern kingdom who disappeared from history after being enslaved and exiled by the Assyrians.
The Pyramids
The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt. As of November 2008, sources cite either 118 or 138 as the number of identified Egyptian pyramids. Most were built as tombs for the country's pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.
Stonehenge
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, two miles (3 km) west of Amesbury. It consists of a ring of standing stones, with each standing stone around 13 feet (4.0 m) high, seven feet (2.1 m) wide and weighing around 25 tons. The stones are set within earthworks in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.
Hanging Gardens
One of the 7 wonders of the Ancient World. Nebuchadnezzar built these for his wife in the grand palace.
Zuni language
Zuni (Shiwi'ma) Zuni or Zuñi is a language isolate spoken by about 9,500 people in the USA, mainly in Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico, and in parts of Arizona.
Nazca Geoglyphs
Peru; invisible from the ground; extremely large drawings on the Nazca Plain; purpose is unknown; theories range from relation to constellations or aliens drew Andean animals; attributed to Nazca civilization which lived in the valley before the Incas
The Flying Dutchman
a legendary ghost ship that can never make port and is doomed to sail the oceans forever. The myth is likely to have originated from the 17th-century golden age of the Dutch East India Company
Giant Spheres of Costa Rica
an assortment of over three hundred petrospheres in Costa Rica, located on the Diquís Delta and on Isla del Caño. Locally, they are known as Las Bolas
Terracotta Warriors
Shi Huangdi's army for the afterlife found near his tomb. They were built to protect from the armies that he had defeated during his natural life.
Puma Punku
Pumapunku or Puma Punku is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku, in western Bolivia.
Ulfberht Swords
a group of medieval swords found in Europe, dated to the 9th to 11th centuries, with blades inlaid with the inscription +VLFBERHT+.