105 terms

WSC 2019 History Combined

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Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
climate
function of ability to adapt to environmental changes
Health and Disease
the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
agriculture
Materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain
natural resources
resource security in various environments
access to food and water
A formal process of learning in which some people consciously teach while others adopt the social role of learner.
education
Arises when low incomes result in low savings, permitting low investments (in physical, human, and natural capital), and therefore, low productivity leading to low incomes.
poverty cycle
Study of the earth
geography
Has one of the world's highest economic growth rates, averaging 7.4%. However, the poverty rate remains significant at 33.1%. Poverty caused by political instability, with a lack of, a country located in West Africa.
Nigeria
Although it is the second largest country in Africa, the annual income reaches only at $785. The country is ranked as the 176th least developed country out of 188 in 2016. 80% of the people live on less than $1.25 a day.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
One of the fastest growing economies in the world, having a growth rate of 7.11% in 2015. This country has the third highest number of people living in extreme poverty. As of 2014, 58% of the total population were living on less than $3.10 per day. However, the income has a substantial increase as compared to 2014 with $1.90 dollars per day.
India
per capita income has increased fivefold between 1990 and 2000, from $200 to $1,000. Between 2000 and 2010, per capita income also rose by the same rate, from $1,000 to $5,000, moving China into the ranks of middle-income countries, poverty rate in China fell from 26% in 2007 to 7% by 2012
China
In 2015, 13.5% of Americans (43.1 million) lived in poverty. 2012, the percentage of seniors living in poverty was 14% while 18% of children were. June 2016, the IMF warned this country that its high poverty rate needs to be tackled urgently by raising the minimum wage and offering paid maternity leave to women to encourage them to enter the labor force.
United States
42% of this total population living below the national poverty line. Unequal development between the richer urban zones and the considerably poorer rural zones have been attributed to the fast economic growth that took place during the so called Mexican miracle, the period in which Mexican economy transitioned from an agricultural economy to an industrial economy.
Mexico
had an unemployment rate of 4.4 percent in 2016 and was ranked 48th on a list of worldwide unemployment rates. The rate dropped 0.2 percent from 2015 to 2016. Additionally, 7.5 percent of this country's population still lives below the poverty line.
Norway
It was estimated that 6% of the population is living below the poverty line and approximately 15% of the people are at risk of falling below the poverty line. The history of poverty in this country began with the invasion by Great Britain in 1649. Another factor that causes the population to be employed and still below the poverty line is an unfair tax system.
Ireland
This country remains the poorest of the Americas: based on the most recent household survey (2012), over 6 million of this country's population of 10.4 million (or 59 percent) live below the national poverty line of US$2.41 per day, and more than 2.5 million (24 percent) fall below the national extreme poverty line (US$1.23 per day). This country is also one of the most unequal countries in the world, with a Gini coefficient of 0.61 in 2012.

The economic growth rate should show a modest increase from 1.2 percent in 2016-2017 to 1.6 percent in 2017-2018, owing primarily to the performance of the agricultural sector. However, the gourde has continued to depreciate against the US dollar and inflation remains high.
Haiti
At least 20 percent of the population. Only 2.3 percent of all of this country's families can be called wealthy, and about 0.7 of these have earned that income lawfully and about 11.2 percent can be called middle-class or well-to-do.
Soviet Union
control over the growth of population
population control
well-being
welfare
to distribute; to give out sparingly
dole
laws specifying the lowest wage a firm can legally pay an employee
minimum wage laws
government coupons that can be used to purchase food
food stamps
whatever is donated, as money or goods
donation
Church tax
tithe
goods or money given to the poor
alms
obligatory payment made annually under Islamic law on certain kinds of property and used for charitable and religious purposes
zakat
A policy of cooperation adopted in Kenya after independence to encourage economic growth
harambee
generosity
dana
there must be somebody or something that is actually pushing them
ukusisa
to borrow with the intention of returning
ukwenana
charity
tzedaka
Kahs-wan
a vulcan rite of passage involving a trial where young vulcans venture into the desert by themselves and survive to be considered an adult
Rites of Passage
Social rituals that mark the transition between developmental stages, especially between childhood and adulthood.
Sweet Sixteen
a coming of age party celebrating a teenager's 16th birthday
Krypteia
Spartan rite of passage in which young men were required to kill a helot (a slave) with their bare hands and not get caught
Quinceañera
the celebration of a girl's 15th birthday, marking her passage from girlhood to womanhood; is celebrated in Mexico, Latin America, and the Caribbean, as well as in Latino communities in the United States and elsewhere.
Ji Li/Guan Li
a Confucian-style coming of age ceremony in China to honor youth aged 20 and provides an opportunity to wear traditional dress; Ji Li refers to the ceremony for women and Guan Li for men
Seijin Shiki
"Coming of Age Day" celebrated on the second Monday of January in Japan; people wear formal or traditional clothing, celebrate, and visit shrines; less people celebrating due to low birth rates
Chudakarana
This sanskara is performed typically during the first or third year of age when the child's original, first hair growth is shaved, frequently leaving only the shikha on the top back of the head. According to the sages, the hair from birth is associated with undesirable traits from past lives; first haircut
Vision Quests
Native American rite of passage where the "quester" goes in search for a guardian spirit in the form of a rock or animal; varies between tribes; usually involves isolation, prayer, and forgoing food and drink
Okuyi
Embodying the spirit of a deceased young maiden in the spirit realm, these masks are believed to harness the powers of female ancestors. They are worn and danced in communal rites such as funerals, youth initiations, and births.; Punu and Lambo of the Gabonese Republic celebration
Bar/Bat Mitzvah
the ritual celebration marking the coming of age of a Jewish child at age 12-13 (depending on gender), at which time the person takes on the religious responsibilities of an adult; called up to the Torah
First Car
American rite of passage where a person gets their first vehicle
Walkabout
Australian Aboriginal rite of passage in which a young male (typically 15-16 yrs) live in the wilderness for up to six months to make the spiritual and traditional transition into manhood
Adulting
The practice of behaving in a way characteristic of a responsible adult, especially the accomplishment of mundane but necessary tasks
Chattel Slavery
Absolute legal ownership of another person, including the right to buy or sell that person.
Indentured Servitude
A worker bound by a voluntary agreement to work for a specified period of years often in return for free passage to an overseas destination. Before 1800 most were Europeans; after 1800 most indentured laborers were Asians.
debt bondage
the act of people pledging themselves as servants in exchange for money for passage, and are subsequently paid too little to regain their freedom
forced labor
slavery or otherwise making someone work against his/her will
Pawnship
the practice of using rights over people rather than land as a collateral for debt; persisted in sub-Saharan Africa into the 20th century
domestic slavery
A term referring to the assertion by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and other female abolitionists that traditional gender roles and legal restrictions created a form of slavery for married women.
Military Slavery
The personal bondage of an individual to a ruler or other authority with an obligation to provide military service
Harriet Tubman
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
Aesop
A Greek famous for his fables
Bilal ibn Rabah
son of an Ethiopian slave and the first muezzin - used as proof that their is no race in Islam
Epictetus
the philosopher most closely related to REBT; suggested we feel the way we think
Jean-Jacques Dessalines
Led the slave rebellion after the first slave rebel was captured; led to Haitian independence.
Juan Latino
a Spanish black professor at Granada during the sixteenth century. he is the son of black slave.He was set free and received in Granada the Chair of grammar and Latin language of the Cathedral, post that he held for twenty years
Leo Africanus
Moor explorer who was given to Pope Leo X as a present and visited Songhay and wrote Description of Africa, which described Songhay
Miguel de Cervantes
Spanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form
Ng Akew
Ng Akew was a Tanka slave of the British opium smuggler James Bridget Endicott in Hong Kong,
Aybak
first Mamluk sultan
Spartacus
A Roman gladiator who led the most serious slave revolt in Roman history from 73 to 71 B.C.E.).
Toussaint L'Ouverture
the best-known leader of the Haitian Revolution.
Olaudah Equiano
An antislavery activist who wrote a famous account of his enslavement.
Portrait of Two Children, Joseph Badger. (Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum).
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"A Colonial Cradle," Colonial Children. 1902
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Mrs. Freake and Baby Mary. 1674. (Worchester Art Museum).
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Child's Pudding Cap. (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation).
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"Leading Strings," The World Turned Upside Down. Woodcut.
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Portrait of Henry Gibbs. 1670. (Avampato Discovery Museum).
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Child's Shoes
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Boy's Frock or Gown
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Child's Stays
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David, Joanna, and Abigail Mason. 1670. (M. H. de Young Memorial Museum of the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco).
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"Governor William Bradford," The Romantic Story of the Mayflower Pilgrims. 1911.
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Ancient Egypt
a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes
Medieval Europe
lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.
Colonial America
the history of European colonization of America from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until the incorporation of the colonies into the United States of America. In the late 16th century, England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands launched major colonization programs in eastern North America
19th century England
the period in the United States from 1801 through 1900 in the Gregorian calendar. For information on this perio
Dynastic China
a succession of rulers from the same family. Beginning with the Bronze Age Shang dynasty, historical eras in China have borne the name of the family or clan that dominated during that period. Some dynasties, such as the Chou and the Ming, lasted for centuries.
the !Kung
Society of Hunters/Gatherers that were forced onto reservations after their land got taken away.
the Yanomami
Aboriginal nation from Brazil that is slowly losing their culture because of gold mining.
Sparta
Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
Harriet Tubman
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
Aesop
Greek slave who wrote fables
Bilal ibn Rabah
Epson of an Ethiopian slave and the first muezzin - used as proof that their is no race in Islam
Epictetus
a Greek Stoic philosopher. He was born a slave at Hierapolis, Phrygia.
Jean-Jacques Dessalines
Led the slave rebellion after the first slave rebel was captured; led to Haitian independence.
Juan Latino
a Spanish black professor at Granada during the sixteenth century.
Leo Africanus
Moor explorer who was given to Pope Leo X as a present and visited Songhay and wrote Description of Africa, which described Songhay
Miguel de Cervantes
Spanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form
Ng Akew
a Tanka slave of the British opium smuggler James Bridget Endicott in Hong Kong, and seem to have been involved in his businessQu
Qutb-ud-din Aibak
Lieutenant of Muhammad of Ghur; established kingdom in India with capital at Delphi; proclaimed himself Sultan of India
Spartacus
slave, trained as a gladiator, who led a rebellion against the roman army for slave freedom- he was killed after two years
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Leader of the Haitian Revolution. He freed the slaves and gained effective independence for Haiti despite military interventions by the British and French.
Olaudah Equiano
sold into slavery at age 11; after gaining freedom, he spoke out against slavery and published his autobiography
Chattel Slavery
Absolute legal ownership of another person, including the right to buy or sell that person.
Indentured Servitude
A worker bound by a voluntary agreement to work for a specified period of years often in return for free passage to an overseas destination. Before 1800 most were Europeans; after 1800 most indentured laborers were Asians.
debt bondage
the act of people pledging themselves as servants in exchange for money for passage, and are subsequently paid too little to regain their freedom
forced labor
slavery or otherwise making someone work against his/her will
Pawnship
the practice of using rights over people rather than land as a collateral for debt; persisted in sub-Saharan Africa into the 20th century
domestic slavery
By 1840, female abolitionists were asserting that traditional gender roles resulted in this constraint of women. "How can we endure our present marriage relations," asked Elizabeth Cady Stanton, "which give a women no charter of rights, no individuality of her own?"
military slavery
The personal bondage of an individual to a ruler or other authority with an obligation to provide military service