THEA 260 Midterm (notes from modernism projects)

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

three ideas of dadaism
spontaneity, negation, absurdity
birthplace of dadaism
zurich, switzerland
why did dadaism start
in response to WWI
when did dadaism shift
shifted to paris in 1920
two influential figures of dadaism in literature
tristan tzara and francis picabia
hugo ball
german poet/playwright, wrote the first dadaist manifesto, the cabaret voltaire
cabaret voltaire
a nightclub founded by Hugo Ball and his wife, a night singer; a bohemian place for anti-war; where Hugo Ball did his sound poems; pivotal point for art movement, Dada
constructivism
ideas of self-sufficiency/revolution/victory, fascination with industrial age, frustration with leadership
vsevolod meyerhold
strong commedia influence, wants to relate acting to technology instead of society
biomechanical acting style
n = a1 + a2
three stages of biomechanical acting
intention (telling actor what to do), realization (cycle of actor doing what he is told), reaction (vocal/physical gesture that shows cycle is done and prepping audience for new cycle)
origin of symbolism
french poets: richard wagner and edgar allan poe
major tenets of symbolism
art that portrays the untouchable without direct statements, presence of unseen, recreate the essence of life/soul,
characteristics of symbolic theatre
depiction of mood/atmosphere, lithographs, gauze curtains or thin sheets, silhouettes, no elaborate scene design, text may be chanted, usually not in line with reality, other mediums of art being used during performances, usually contained movement/staging/vocal effects
paul fort
french poet, created Theatre d'Art (supported young artists, collaborations, works that had been forgotten)
maurice maeterlinck
belgian poet, paved the way for future works, used the term "static"
who founded the theatre de l'oeuvre
aurélien lugné-poë, camille mauclair, edouard vuillard
the nabis
a group of post-impressionist avant-garde artists who set the pace for fine arts and graphic arts in france in the 1890s
futurism
fascinated with revolt, machinery, war, fascism and deconstruction
filippo tommaso marinetti
founder of futurism
futurism was inspired by
cubism
futurism in theatre
synthetic theatre, atechnical, dynamic, simultaneous, autonomous, alogical, unreal