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CJA-201 Chpt. 13 Quiz
Terms in this set (50)
In no state may any type of offense be waived to the criminal court without a waiver hearing.
Which is a reason that change in court structures is opposed by some groups?
Judges would have to agree on the best way to dispose of cases.
An initial hearing in which the judge explores the nature of the case and decides if it should be processed further.
Defense counsel for juveniles has always been considered necessary in the juvenile court.
In this case, the Supreme Court found that juveniles have no constitutional right to a jury trial during adjudication in a state juvenile court delinquency proceeding.
McKeiver v. Pennsylvania
The hearing in which it's determined if the juvenile committed the offense with which he or she is charged.
For status-offense cases, the judge will typically look for proof beyond a reasonable doubt.
Which line of reasoning is the basis of the invention of the court and its proposed goals?
a. A juvenile court would deal with delinquency more effectively.
b. A juvenile court would protect children from the dangers of being handled in parallel with adult offenders.
c. Child specialists could address delinquency and dependency.
d. all of the above
all of the above
The process of sending a juvenile to be tried in criminal court is called _____.
In cases in which the juvenile is accused of a delinquent act that would be considered a criminal offense for an adult, what is the standard of proof?
beyond a reasonable doubt
What do juvenile probation officers do?
a. craft supervised-treatment plans for juveniles placed on probation
b. investigate juveniles' social backgrounds and make recommendations to the judge on appropriate dispositions
c. neither a nor b
d. both a and b
both a and b
The structure of juvenile courts varies widely.
The moral state of being wrong, improper, or injurious is
In this type of blended sentence, the case is adjudicated in a juvenile court, but the court may impose a disposition involving either the juvenile or criminal correctional systems, but not both.
Who is mainly responsible for juvenile courts?
states and counties
The process for waiving juveniles to criminal court is consistent from state to state.
How does the protection against self-incrimination protect juveniles?
a. A person doesn't have to testify in a criminal case in which he or she is the defendant.
b. If the answer to a question would implicate a witness in a criminal offense, that person can refuse to testify.
c. both a and b
d. neither a nor b
both a and b
Males charged with person offenses are far more likely than similarly charged females to get their cases waived to criminal court.
What issues must be decided in order to waive a juvenile case to criminal court?
b. probable cause
c. seriousness of the offense
d. all of the above
all o the above
This is the filing of charges against a juvenile.
In criminal-exclusive sentencing, the case is tried in the criminal court, but the court may impose a sentence involving either the juvenile or criminal correctional systems, but not both.
A report prepared by a probation officer to assist the judge in designing an appropriate disposition is:
The prosecutor embodies the principle of parens patriae in a way that no other participant in the court does.
Which amendment specifies that citizens charged with an offense be allowed an impartial jury?
The nature of the work of the juvenile court judge varies greatly depending on the state and the organization of the court.
Before the 1990s, juvenile court proceedings were relatively closed, and the circumstances of cases kept from the public and the press.
According to research, black youths are more likely than any other race to be waived to criminal court for drug offenses.
Who decides if a juvenile will be kept in custody or returned to the parents' supervision while a case is processed?
This is a fairly low standard that allows the judge to weigh the evidence and decide on the case if it's believed the juvenile likely committed the offense or needs supervision.
preponderance of evidence
In 1975, the Supreme Court extended the protection against double jeopardy to juveniles in _____.
Breed v. Jones
A _____ is appointed by the court to take legal action on behalf of a juvenile who because of minor age is unable to manage his or her own affairs.
guardian ad litem
This person recommends to the judge whether a given case should be moved to the juvenile justice system.
juvenile intake officer
A negotiation in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty or no contest to some offenses in return for some accession to the defendant is:
In what is also known as "concurrent jurisdiction," a prosecutor has the discretion to file charges in either juvenile or adult court.
Juveniles may be taken into custody for their own protection in cases of abuse, neglect, or dependency.
In this provision, a judge is responsible for sending the juvenile to criminal court.
These are full-time state employees who represent the interests of those who can't afford private counsel.
During this process, the juvenile court specifies what should be done with the juvenile.
In this type of blended sentence, the case is tried in the criminal court, but the court may impose a sentence involving either the juvenile or criminal correctional systems, but not both.
The legal requirement that certain offenses committed by juveniles automatically be waived to criminal court without a juvenile court hearing is called _____.
A sentence that combines a juvenile disposition with the possibility of a criminal sentence, or a criminal conviction with a "last chance" at a juvenile disposition and treatment.
How many states try juveniles as adults?
At which point does plea bargaining occur in the juvenile court?
d. all of the above
all of the above
In this case, the Supreme Court established juveniles' right to an attorney, the right to confront accusers, and protection from self-incrimination.
In re Gault
Juveniles who are once tried and convicted as adults typically are not tried as adults for subsequent offenses.
One solution to the fragmented nature of the juvenile court is to institute a unified court system in which one judge handles all the issues and concerns of a case.
This court employee represents the state's interests in juvenile court hearings.
For a juvenile to be tried in the federal court system, certain conditions must be met to show a "substantial federal interest." Which is not one of these?
The offense crosses state lines.
After the due-process revolution in the 1960s, the prosecutor became standard in the juvenile court.
Who may be taken into custody for his or her own protection?
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