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77 terms

Chapters 20-22

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General Ulysses S. Grant
Union general; later became head general through a series of victories
April 14, 1865 (Good Friday)
Assassination of President Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth (date)
10 percent reconstruction plan
Made by Abraham Lincoln that once a certain amount of people recognized the Union and slavery, the state would be allowed back into the Union
14th Amendment
made former slaves citizens and provided them with equal protection under the law
Alaska
State purchased from Russia
President Abraham Lincoln
President of the Union during the Civil War
Peninsula campaign
Union attack on Richmond using the James and York Rivers
Battle of Antietam
General Lee against General McClellan; Union victory; bloodiest battle of the Civil War
Battle of Vicksburg
Union Victory; ended a day after the end of the Battle of Gettysburg; gave the Mississippi River to the Union
13th Amendment
Banned slavery in the United States
Wade-Davis Bill
Demanded a higher amount of people to recognize the Union and slavery; "pocket-vetoed' by Lincoln
15th Amendment
Formally gave black men the right to vote
President Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War
General "Stonewall" Jackson
Confederate General received a nickname after the 1st battle of Bull Run-Lee's Right hand man
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by President Lincoln; technically freed slaves; spurred by Union victory at Antietam
General William Sherman
Union General that led a conquest of Georgia; critical for the reelection of Lincoln
Freedmen's Bureau
A primitive welfare agency for newly freed blacks resulted from the Civil War
Black Codes
laws passed in the Old South which heavily restricted newly freed blacks
"Scalawags"
Southerners that were formerly Unionists and Whigs
Battle of Bull Run
First battle of Civil War; Southern Victory
Monitor vs. Merrimack
Ironclad ship battle that signaled the end of the wooded built ships
Battle of Gettysburg
General Lee against General Meade; Union victory; signaled last Confederate offensive into Union territory
Appomattox Court House
Surrender of General Lee to General Grant; end of Civil War
President Andrew Johnson
President resulting from the death of Lincoln
Civil Rights Bill
A bill passed by Radical Republicans that attempted to grant the freedmen citizenship before the 14th amendment was written
Ku Klux Klan
Radical Southern whites who opposed freedom of slaves; lashed out on blacks; often violently
Reconstruction Era
1865-1877
Civil War
1861-1865
General George McClellan
Union General Commander of the Peninsula Campaign and removed twice from head general position by President Lincoln
General Robert E. Lee
Main Confederate general
The Battle of Antietam was particularly critical because it
probably prevented intervention by Britain and France on behalf of the Confederacy
The Union's establishment of the National banking System
was the first significant step toward a unified banking network since 1836
Reconstruction might have been more successful if
Thaddeus Steven's radical program of drastic economic reforms and stronger protection of political rights had been enacted
The North's "victory" at Antietam allowed President Lincoln to
issue the Emancipation Proclamation
The Emancipation Proclamation had the effect of
strengthening the moral cause and diplomatic position of the Union
After halting Lee's troops at Antietam, General George McClellan
was removed from his field command
The supreme test of American democracy in the nineteenth century was
the civil war
The main purpose of the Black Codes was to
ensure a stable labor supply
The Union's victory in the capture of _______ was probably critical to Lincoln's reelection in 1864
Atlanta
To find effective high-level commanders, the Union
used trial and error
During the Civil War, diplomacy for the Union and the Confederacy
was critical for both
During the Civil War, the Union
launched a new national banking system
Out of scalawags, Ku Klux Klan, Union League, Freedmen, and Carpetbaggers, which one is least like the others
Ku Klux Klan
The "Exodusters" westward move to Kansas faltered when
steamboat captains refused to transport them across the Mississippi
The fate of the Confederate leaders after 1865 was that
all were eventually pardoned
Lincoln hoped that a Union victory at Bull Run would
lead tot he capture of the Confederate capital at Richmond
The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because
Union victory meant that the Southern cause was doomed
As a result of the Civil War, the Northern economy
emerged more prosperous than ever before
The greatest weakness of the South during the Civil War was its
economy
Clement L. Vallandigham, a Southern sympathizer and vocal opponent of the war, was derisively labeled a
Copperhead
One of the key developments enabling the Union to stop the Confederate thrust into the North at Antietam was
The Union's discovery of Robert E. Lee's battle plans
For congressional Republicans one of the most troubling aspects of the Southern state's restoration to the Union was that
the South would be stronger than ever in national politics
The Civil War resulted in
-The end of slavery
-the creation of the first federal social welfare agency
-expanded federal powers of taxation
-the end of nullification and secession
Radical congressional Reconstruction of the South finally ended when
the last federal troops were removed in 1877
At the end of the Civil War, many white Southerners
still believed that their view of secession was correct
In the election of 1864, the Republicans joined with the pro-war Democrats and founded the_____ party
Union
Many northerners were willing to allow southern states to leave the Union until
the south attacked Fort Sumter
Northern soldiers eventually became known for their
discipline and determination
For blacks, emancipation meant
-The ability to search for lost family
-the opportunity to form their own churches
-the opportunity for an education
-the right to get married
After the Peninsula Campaign, Union strategy included
-blockading the Confederacy's coastline
-Marching through Georgia and then the Carolinas
-Cutting the Confederacy in half
-liberating slaves
European powers favored a civil war in the US because
war would weaken the Unites States' power in the western Hemishpere
To achieve its independence, the Confederacy had to
fight the invading Union army to a draw
As the Civil War began, the south seemed to have the advantage of
more talented military leaders
the North's greatest strength in the civil war was its
economy
A supposed asset for the South at the beginning of the Civil War that never materialized to its real advantage was
intervention from Britain and France
The South's victory at Bull Run in 1861
reduced enlistments in the south's army
Arrange the following in chronological order: Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Gettysburg, Lee's surrender at Appomattox, Battle of Antietam
Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Antietam, Battle of Gettysburg, Lee's surrender at Appomattox
The most alarming Confederate threat to the Union blockade came from
the ironclad Merrimack
When it was issued in 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation declared free only those slaves in
states still in rebellion against the United States
The greatest achievements of the Freedmen's Bureau were in
education
the incident that caused the clash between Congress and President Johnson to explode into the open was
Johnson's veto of the bill to extend the Freedmen's Bureau
The 14th amendment guaranteed
citizenship to freed slaves
Radical Reconstruction state governments
passed much desirable legislation and badly needed reforms
Methods used by Ku Klux Klan members to achieve their goal of white supremacy included
-scare tactics
-beatings
-murder
-mutilation
Congress's impeachment of President Johnson and attempt to remove him from office were directly precipitated by his
dismissal of Secretary of War Stanton in 1867
Many feminist leaders were disappointed with the 14th amendment because it
failed to give women the right to vote
In is 10 percent plan for Reconstruction, PResident Lincoln promised
rapid readmission of Southern states into the Union