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Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals
2. The judicial case that set forth the current guidelines for determining the
admissibility of scientific examinations in the federal courts is
general acceptance of scientific principles
The case of Frye v. United States deals with the legal issue of
The following service does not normally lie within the expertise of the forensic scientist
all of the above
The obligation to maintain the integrity of evidence belongs to which of the following
way the evidence is collected and presented for examination
The relative evidential value of laboratory test results is almost always dependent on the
nature of the evidence
The manner of collecting and preserving physical evidence at a crime scene is determined by the
determining the natural cariations that exist in physical evidence
The evidence collector is not concerned with
If the laboratory can piece broken glass from a window or headlight together, then the evidence has ______________ characteristics
whether or not they have a common origin
A comparison analysis subjects a suspect specimen and a control specimen to the same tests and examinations for the ultimate purpose of determining
this method will definitely demonstrate common origin when a match is made
The "jigsaw fit" of known and questioned fragments is important for court presentation primarily because
all of the above
Physical evidence that can be used to aid in a crime scene reconstruct-tion includes
color change in the presence of another chemical substance
Which of the following is not a physical property of a substance
A piece of glass is immersed in a liquid. It proceeds to float on the liquid's surface. This shows that the density of the glass is _____________ the density of the liquid
refractive index and density
The two most important physical properties of glass for forensic comparisons are
the exit side of the glass
The larger opening of a crater-shaped hole in glass made by the penetration of a projectile indicates
refractive index and density
If glass cannot be physically pieced together, then the control and question glass are best compared as to their
parallel to the side on which the force was applied
Stress marks on the edge of a radial crack near the point of impact are
A crime can sometimes accurately be reconstructed solely on the presence or absence of
Modern analytical techniques have become so sensitive that the forensic examiner must be aware of the _ among materials when interpreting the significance of comparative data
Physical evidence can be used to exclude or _ a person from suspicion of committing a crime
The process of _ determines a substance's physical or chemical identity with as near absolute certainty as existing analytical techniques
The number and type of tests needed to identify a substance must be sufficient to _ all other substances from consideration
Evidence that can be traced to a common source with an extremely high degree of probability is said to possess _ characteristics
Early efforts at applying scientific principles to document examinations are associated with this person
In the courtroom, the person with specialized skills or knowledge that can determine the truth of a matter
The medical dissection and examination of a body to determine the cause of death is called this
Expert that are concerned with failure analysis, accident reconstructionists, and the causes of fire or explosions
A system of personal identification using a series of body measurements was developed by __
The scientist that devised the first definitive way to analyze/classify fingerprints was named ____
In _ scientists can use the characteristics of teeth, their alignment, and the overall structure of the mouth to identify a body left in an unrecognizable state
The most important prerequisite for photographing a crime scene is to have is in a(n) ____ condition.
The term ___ encompasses all objects that can establish whether a crime has been committed or can link a crime and its victim or its perpetrator.
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