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Algebra I, Chapter 1, McDougal Littell Structure and Method Book 1

Chapter 1 vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
variable expression
an expression that contains a variable (a symbol used to represent one or more numbers)
numeric expression
an expression, such as 4.50 x 4, that names a particular number
simplifying expression
replacing a numerical expression by the simplest name for its value
grouping symbols
a device, such as a pair of parentheses, used to enclose an expression that should be simplified first.
equation
formed by placing equals sign between two numerical or variable expressions, called the sides of the equation
open sentence
sentences containing variables (like the equations 5x - 1 = 9 and y + 2 = 2 + y)
domain
the given set of numbers that a variable can represent
solution / root
any value of a variable that turns an open sentence into a true statement
sum / difference / product / quotient
addition / subtraction / multiplication / division
real numbers
any number that is either positive, negative, or zero
integers
positive integers, negative integers, and zero
whole numbers
zero and all positive integers
inequality symbols
used to show the order of two real numbers (< less than, > greater than)
opposite
each number in a pair such as 4 and -4
absolute value
the positive number of any pair of opposite non-zero real numbers is called the absolute value of each number in the pair
solution set
the set of all solutions of an open sentence