American History Vocab Glossary 3
Terms in this set (15)
A movement of thought in 18th-century Europe and America. Enlightenment thinkers believed government decisions and social arrangements should be based on the laws of nature and reason.
The guarantee in the U.S. Constitution that each person is entitled to the "equal protection of the laws."
European politician movement that emerged after WWI. They believe the state is supreme; that an absolute leader expressed the needs of the state: and the citizens should make sacrifices for the state.
Federal Reserve System
A government agency oversees the nations money supply. It lent money to other banks, and also decided on bank reserve requirements.
An amendment passed after Civil War guaranteeing that the right to vote could not be denied to any citizen on the basis of race, religion or national origin.
A means of stimulation the economy through government spending and taxation policies.
A revolution in France against royal authority and noble privilege, partly inspired by Enlightenment ideals.
A policy of mass murder carried out against racial, ethnic or religious group.
The spread of ideas, production and people around the globe.
A major economic crisis that began in the US and affected most of the world; it was marked by widespread business failures, bank closures and high unemployment.
The wave of African American migrants from the South to the North to seek better jobs
Gross Domestic Product
Total amount of goods and services that a nation produces in one year; GDP is often used to gauge a nations economic strength.
The flourishing literary, musical, land artistic expression of African Americans in Harlem
The genocide of Jews in Europe by Nazis during WWII.
The political and economic control of one area or country by another country. In the late 19th century, imperialism led to European control of much of Africa and Asia.