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Rhetorical Devices/Figurative Langauge
Terms in this set (44)
The repetition of the first letter or consonant of a word
The deliberate repetition of phrases or words at the beginning of phrases.
the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect.
repetitive sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase. This repetition often takes place in quick succession, such as in "pitter, patter."
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g. cuckoo, sizzle ).
the use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose that correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning, etc.
literary technique in which writers employ two or more characters to be engaged in conversation with one another.
repetition of similar sounds (usually, the exact same sound) in the final stressed syllables (and any following syllables) of two or more words
a short amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person.
a pithy observation that contains a general truth, such as, "if it ain't broke, don't fix it."
the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel
visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work.
a rhetorical device in which two or more clauses are balanced against each other by the reversal of their structures in order to produce an artistic effect.
a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (e.g. faith unfaithful kept him falsely true ).
a unit of rhythm in poetry, the pattern of the beats. It is also called a foot. Each foot has a certain number of syllables in it, usually two or three syllables
a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.
a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words which sound alike but have different meanings.
an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play.
The central underlying message of a story or poem.
a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.
a strong, regular, repeated pattern of movement or sound.
the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.
a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. It does not describe in detail the person or thing to which it refers.
the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is.
a long, tedious speech by one person during a conversation.
the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language.
a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true.
the use of irony to mock or convey contempt.
the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive, or the track for horse racing.
a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words (e.g., rain cats and dogs, see the light ).
use of components in a sentence that are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction, sound, meaning, or meter. ex. He came, he saw, and he conquered.
The use of words to mean something different than what they appear to mean.
The difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens.
When the audience is more aware of what is happening than a character.
a separate introductory section of a literary or musical work.
refers to the literal meaning of a word, the "dictionary definition."¨ For example, if you look up the word snake in a dictionary, you will discover that one of its literal meanings is "any of numerous scaly, legless, sometimes venomous reptiles¡ having a long, tapering, cylindrical body and found in most tropical and temperate regions."
refers to the associations that are connected to a certain word or the emotional suggestions related to that word. The figurative meanings of a word exist together with the denotative meanings. The connotations for the word snake could include evil or danger.
PreAP ONLY Apostrophe
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
PreAP Only Hamartia
a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine
PreAP ONLY Epistrophe
Repetition of the same word or group of words at the ends of successive clauses
PreAP ONLY Asyndeton
the omission or absence of a conjunction between parts of a sentence.
PreAP ONLY polypton
repetition of the same root word, however, each time the root is used in a different form
PreAP ONLY Polysyndeton
The deliberate use of a series of conjunctions.
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