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Terms in this set (15)
SOAP ME (intubation)
Spoon shaped elastic cartilage that lies behind the tongue.
Prevents aspiration by covering the glottis.
What is the opening of the larynx during swallowing?
Begins at the inferior border of the cricoid cartilage (C6).
About 9-15 cm in length.
Bifurcates into the right and left main bronchi at the level of the sernal angle (t4-T5).
Is a downward and backward projection of the last tracheal cartilage, forms a ridge that separates the opening of the right and left main stem bronchi and occurs at the sternal angle, the junction of T4-T5.
Which main bronchus is wider, shorter, more vertical and at risk for foreign body obstruction?
Right main is wider.
LEMONS (airway assessment)
Mallampati class I
Class I: complete visualization of the soft palate, uvula, and posterior tonsilar pillars.
Mallampati class II
Class II: soft palate, complete visualization of the uvula
Mallampati class III
Class III: only base of uvula
Mallampati class IV
soft palate not visible at all
Sedatives for intubation
Ketamine, Etomidate, Propofol, Precedex
Neuromuscular blockade - Depolarizing
Succinylcholine- fast onset, short duration.
Succinylcholine side effects
No reversal agent.
Succinylcholine should be avoided in which patients?
Renal pts (pre-existing ↑ K).
↑ ICP, CVA, Neuro disease.
Glaucoma, eye injury.
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