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phlebotomy essentials chapter 3 thq
Terms in this set (100)
These are the initials of the U.S. government agency that mandates and enforces safe working conditions for employees
The series of components that lead to infection are referred to as the:
Chain of infection
The pathogen responsible for causing an infection is called the infectious
The term pathogenic means:
Productive of Disease
A specimen processor removes the stopper from a tube without barrier protection and feels a mist of specimen touch their eyes. What type of exposure occurs through eye contact?
Isolation procedures are used to separate patients from contact with others if they:
Have highly transmissible infections
Which of the following makes a patient less susceptible to a particular infection:
An individual who has little resistance to an infectious microbe is referred to as a susceptible
which type of precaution would be used for a patient who has pulmonary tuberculosis?
What does the NFPA code word RACE mean?
Rescue, alarm, confine, extinguish
Which of the following statements conceming an employee's exposure to a blood-borne pathogen is untrue?
Source patients, if known, must be tested for HIV and HBV
When the chain of infection is broken, an:
Infection is prevented from happening
The focus of infection control turned from preventing patient-to-patient transmission to preventing patient-to-personnel transmission with the introduction of this concept.
Universal precautions (UP)
The term used to describe an infection that infects the entire body is:
Exercise reduces stress by:
Triggering the release of endorphins
The abbreviation for the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is:
A person who has recovered from a particular virus and has developed antibodies against that virus is said to be
According to current first aid procedures, severe external hemorrhage is best controlled by:
Applying direct firm pressure to the wound
The main purpose of an infection-control program is to
Prevent the spread of infection in the hospital
which of the following diseases involves a blood-borne pathogen
All pathogens are:
Microbes that can cause disease
Which of the following is part of proper hand-washing procedure?
Wash hands thoroughly for at least 20 seconds
Class C fires involve:
Standard precautions should be followed:
With all patients at all times
Hepatitis B vaccination for adults normally involves:
A first shot of vaccine, one a month later, and one 6 months after the first
objects that can harbor and transmit infectious material are called
.The HazCom Standard is also commonly called the
Right To Know Law
28. The body organ targeted by HBV is the:
These are the initials of two organizations responsible for "Guide lines for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals "
CDC and HICPAC
The primary purpose of wearing gloves during phlebotomy procedures is to protect the:
phlebotomist from exposure to the patients blood
The first three components of fire that were traditionally referred to as the fire triangle are
Fuel, oxygen, and heat
This would contribute to the chain of infection rather than help break it:
Opening exit pathways for pathogens
Which of the following statements complies with electrical safety guidelines?
Electrical equipment should be unplugged while being serviced
Which body fluid is exempt from standard precautions?
The ability of the microorganism to survive on contaminated articles and equipment has to do with its. .
This equipment is required when one is collecting a specimen from a patient in airborne isolation.
The majority of exposures to HIV in healthcare settings are the result of:
The most common type of HAI in the United States is:
Urinary tract infection
These are the initials of the organization that instituted and enforces the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard.
The only unsafe laboratory practice in the following list would be to?
Keeping your lab coat on at all times
You accidentally splash a bleach solution into your eyes while preparing it for cleaning purposes. What is the first thing to do?
Flush your eyes with water for a minimum of 15 minutes
What is the best way to clean up blood that has dripped on the arm of a phlebotomy chair
Absorb it with a gauze pad and clean the area with disinfectant
An example of employee screening for infection control is requiring employees to have:
PPD (or TB) testing
Which mode of infection transmission occurs from touching contaminated bed linens?
which of the following diseases or microbes can be transmitted through blood transfusion
Which of the following is required by the Blood-Borne Pathogen (BBP) Standard?
Wearing gloves when performing phlebotomy
A laboratory or patient-care activity that requires goggles to prevent exposure from sprays or splashes also requires this protective attire
What should the phlebotomist do if the outside of a patient specimen tube has blood on it?
Wipe the tube with disinfectant
How many classes of fire are identified by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)?
Which of the following is considered the best means of preventing healthcare associated infections?
proper hand hygiene
The purpose of "reverse" isolation is to:
Protect susceptible patients from outside contamination
Which of the following could result in exposure to a blood-borne pathogen by a "percutaneous" exposure route?
Drawing blood without using a needle safety device
In which of the following could an electrical shock to a patient most likely occur?
Touching some electrical equipment during a blood draw
The "Right to Know" law primarily deals with:
The best course of action when entering an isolation room is to:
Follow the posted precautions
A material or substance harmful to health is the definition of a
what is the proper order for putting on protective clothing
Gown first, the mask, gloves last
Which of the following actions violates a chemical safety rule?
All of the above (Making a I :10 dilution of bleach to clean a counter, Adding bleach to a cleaner to make it more effective, Adding the acid to the water when you are diluting an acid)
Federal law requires that Hepatitis B vaccination be made available to employees assigned to duties with occupational exposure risk:
Within 10 working days of assignment
What is the first thing a phlebotomist should do if he or she is accidentally stuck by a needle used to draw blood from a patient
Clean the site with soap and water for at least 30 seconds
Which one of the following symptoms of shock is wrong
Slow. strong pulse rate
The main principles involved in radiation exposure are:
Distance, shielding and time
Which of the following would be considered a healthcare-associated infection?
a catheter site of an ICU patient becomes infected
According to the CDC prevalence survey, how many hospital patients have at least one HAI any given day?
1 out of 25
The free availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) for employee use in the medical laboratory is mandated by the:
OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) Standard
All of the following are required parts of an exposure control plan EXCEPT
Isolation procedure Policies
What precautions are to be used for a patient who has an enteric pathogen?
The most frequently occurring laboratory-acquired infection is caused by:
Which of the following is an example of possible "parenteral" means of transmission?
Rubbing your eyes without washing your hands first
A person's general susceptibility to infection is unaffected by
What is the correct order for applying Protective clothing
Which of the following is an example of a work practice control that reduces risk of exposure to blood-borne pathogens?
Reading the exposure-control plan
These are the initials of the organization that instituted 'Universal Precautions", the precursor to "Standard Precautions
Healthcare workers are considered immune to a disease if they:
Have contracted the disease and recovered
What is the best way to extinguish a flammable liquid fire?
Spray it with a class B extinguisher
These are the initials of the federal agency that instituted and enforces regulations requiring the labeling of hazardous materials:
Which mode of infection transmission involves transfer of an infective microbe to the mucous membrane of a susceptible individual by means of a cough or sneeze?
All of the following are links (components) in the chain of infection EXCEPT
What is the first action to take to help a victim in shock?
Maintain an open airway
Which of the following would be an unhealthy way to deal with stress?
make major life changes
A nosocomial infection is one that is:
Acquired while in a hospital
This mode of transmission involves contaminated food, water, drugs, or blood transfusions.
A phlebotomist who has just been diagnosed with strep throat should be:
Off work until on an antibiotic for 24 hours and symptom free
OSHA required devices that remove BBP hazards from the workplace are called
What term is used to describe a type of infection that can be spread from person to person?
The main purpose of PPE is to:
Provide the user a barrier against infection
Which of the following actions violates laboratory safety rules?
All of the above (Wearing open-toed shoes while working in the lab, Stashing your lunch in a lab specimen refrigerator, Chewing on a pencil while processing specimens)
Approximately how many workplace injuries and illness are related to back injuries?
Alcohol-based antiseptic hand cleaners can be used in place of hand washing if
No dirt or organic matter is seen on the hands
HBV in dried blood on work surfaces, equipment, telephones, and other objects can survive up
The most common chronic blood-borne illness in the United States is:
CLSI guidelines say pants worn in the laboratory should be this much off the floor..
1 to 1 1/2 in.
Which of the following helps healthcare facilities eliminate HAIs by tracking and identifying problems areas across the United States?
Good infection control practice include...
Scrub pants that do not touch the HC facility's floor
Which of the following would be considered aseptic technique?
keeping phlebotomy supplies within easy reach
When exiting an isolation room, this item of PPE must be removed outside the room
Which of the following items is PPE?
non latex gloves
Safe working conditions are mandated by
The first thing to do in the event of an electrical shock to a co-worker or patient is to..
Shut off the electricity source
Surface in the specimen collection and processing area should be cleaned with.
1: I 0 bleach solution
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