Chapter 7 - Sikhism Flashcards

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Terms in this set (...)

Adi Granth
Sikhism's most important sacred text and, since the death of Guru Gobind Singh in 1708, Sikhism's primary earthly authority; traditionally known as Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
amrit
A special drink made from water and sugar crystals, used in the Khalsa initiation ceremony.
Diaspora
A Greek word in origin, it refers to those Jewish communities that live outside of the historical land of Israel.
gurdwara
A building for Sikh worship that houses a copy of the Adi Granth; the central structure of any Sikh community.
Guru
A spiritual teacher and revealer of truth, common to Hinduism, Sikhism, and some forms of Buddhism. When the word Guru is capitalized, it refers to the ten historical leaders of Sikhism, to the sacred text (Sri Guru Granth Sahib, or Adi Granth), and to God (often as True Guru).
haumai
The human inclination toward being selfcentered rather than God-centered, which increases the distance between the individual and God.
hukam
the divine order of the universe
Immanence
the divine attribute of in-dwelling, or God being present to human consciousness
Khalsa
An order within Sikhism to which the majority of Sikhs belong, founded by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699.
monotheism
The belief in only one god
mukti
Spiritual liberation bringing on the eternal and infinitely blissful state of being in the presence of God; sometimes the Sanskrit term moksha is used instead.
Mul Mantra
The summary of Sikh doctrine that comprises the opening lines of the Japji, Guru Nanak's composition that in turn comprises the opening section of the Adi Granth.
Panth
The Sikh community. In lower case, panth ("path") is a term applied to any number of Indian (primarily Hindu) religious traditions.
Rahit
The rahit-nama, a collection of scripture that specifies ideals of belief and conduct for members of the Khalsa and, by extension, for Sikhism generally; the current authoritative version, the Sikh Rahit Maryada, was approved in 1950.
Vaishnava
A devotee of Vishnu and his avatars