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MWH '20 Nationalism and Imperialism
Terms in this set (38)
A stronger country takes over a weaker country or region so to gain political control, territory, and resources. Resources are then used to industrialize.
Nation gained control over a region by settlement or conquest. For example 13 British North American Colonies.
Strong pride in your country & culture, believing your nation is superior to all others and that you would sacrifice your life for your country.
Belief that some societies are better equipped to be successful than others. Stronger societies naturally conquer weaker societies.
White Man's Burden
Duty of white races to care for lesser races. Spread European culture around the world.
Sphere of Influence
Stronger nations carve out exclusive trading rights from a weaker country.
Open Door Policy
American statement that the government did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there.
A 1900 revolt by Chinese Nativists (Boxers) to end foreign influence in China. Revolt failed and foreigners gained more control over China.
The late-nineteenth-century drive by European countries to create vast political empires abroad to add new markets for raw materials and factory products
Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
a meeting at which representatives of European nations agreed upon rules for the European colonization of Africa
King Leopold II
the Belgian king who opened up the African interior to European trade along the Congo River and by 1884 controlled the area known as the Congo Free State
Lasting from 1899 to 1902, Dutch colonists (Boers) and the British competed for control of territory in South Africa.
Scramble for Africa
Term given for the rapid invasion of Africa by the various European powers. This began imperialism in Africa.
a drug used for fighting malaria and other fevers
The study of how people seek to satisfy their needs and wants by making choices
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
Method of maintaining, managing, and gaining control of government (who gets what, when, and how)
A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
land with different territories and peoples under a single rule
1783-1830, Venezuelan statesman: leader of revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule.
Descendants of the Europeans in Latin America, usually implies an upper class status.
Spanish-born, came to Latin America; ruled, highest social class.
The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
German statesman under whose leadership Germany was united (1815-1898)
president of the Second Republic of France in 1848 and engineered a coup d'etat, ultimately making himself head of the Second Empire.
two wars (1912-1913) that were fought over the last of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire and that left the area around Constantinople (now Istanbul) as the only Ottoman territory in Europe
the right to vote
an intellectual, political and union leader, and writer. She is primarily known for her work as a campaigner for women to have the vote
13th Amendment (1865)
US Constitution: Abolition of slavery w/o compensation for slave-owners
14th Amendment (1868)
Grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the US"; it forbids any state to deny any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of its laws."
Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882).
Creole Mexican priest who established independence movement among American Indians and mestizos in 1810; despite early victories, was captured and executed
Direct Rule (colony)
The imperialist (mother) country
sends people to make all the
decisions for the people being
Analogy: Direct rule is like a parent with a
baby. The parent makes all of the
Indirect Rule Colony
European countries allowed natives of the colony to govern the colony under the direction of the European country
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
the trading of African people to the colonies of the New World in and around the Atlantic ocean
Rule of Occupation
Nations had to prove it had treaty agreements, buildings, soldiers, and administrators on the ground
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
Roosevelt Corollary (1904)
Added to the Monroe Doctrine; saying the US would protect business interest in Latin America. Led to poor U.S. - L.A. relations.
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