APUSH Ch. 31 Terms
Terms in this set (14)
Adkins v. Children's Hospital
A landmark Supreme Court decision reversing the ruling in Muller v. Oregon, which had declared women to be deserving of special protection in the workplace.
The 1923 Supreme Court case that voided a minimum wage for women workers in the District of Columbia, reversing many of the gains that had been achieved through the groundbreaking decision in Muller v. Oregon.
Treaty that establishes open door in China (signed by Western Powers)
1922. Treaty that was essentially a reinvention of the Open Door Policy. All members to allow equal and fair trading rights with China. Signed by (9) US, Japan, China, France, Great Britain, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, and Portugal.
Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law
1922 and 1930, raised tariffs extremely high on manufactured goods; benefited domestic manufacturers, but limited foreign trade
(1922) A comprehensive bill passed to protect domestic production from foreign competitors. As a direct result, many European nations were spurred to increase their own trade barriers.
Teapot Dome Scandal
corruption by a Harding cabinet member, who took bribes to allow oil drilling on public lands
A government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
A farm-relief bill that was championed throughout the 1920s and aimed to keep agricultural prices high by authorizing the government to buy up surpluses and sell them abroad. Congress twice passed the bill, but President Calvin Coolidge vetoed it in 1927 and 1928.
A plan to rehabilitate American agriculture by raising the domestic prices of farm products *Effects of the protective tariff and burdens of debt and taxation had created a serious agricultural depression and grew steadily worse
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
Agricultural Marketing Act
Established the first major government program to help farmers maintain crop prices with a federally sponsored Farm Board that would make loans to national marking cooperatives or set up corporations to buy surpluses and raise prices. This act failed to help American farmers.
1929 act championed by Herbert Hoover that authorized the lending of federal money to farmer's cooperatives to buy crops to keep them from the over saturated market; program hampered by lack of adequate federal financial support
protective import tax authorized by Congress in 1930
charged a high tax for imports thereby leading to less trade between America and foreign countries along with some economic retaliation
October 29, 1929; date of the worst stock-market crash in American history and beginning of the Great Depression.
Shanty towns that the unemployed built in the cities during the early years of the Depression; the name given to them shows that thte people blamed Hoover directly for the Depression.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Congress set up $2.25 billion. It made loans to major economic institutions such as banks, insurance companies and railroads.
Agency established in 1932 to provide emergency relief to large businesses, insurance companies, and banks.
Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act
Outlawed antiunion contracts and forbade then federal courts from restraining strike and boycotts.
(1932) this law banned "yellow-dog," or anti-union, work contracts and forbade federal courts from issuing injunctions to quash strikes and boycotts; it was an early piece of labor-friendly federal legislation
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their government war bonuses in cash
1932 - Facing the financial crisis of the Depression, WW I veterans tried to pressure Congress to pay them their retirement bonuses early. Congress considered a bill authorizing immediate assurance of $2.4 billion, but it was not approved. Angry veterans marched on Washington, D.C., and Hoover called in the army to get the veterans out of there.
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