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What is the equation for photosynthesis?
6CO₂(g) + 6H₂0(g) ➔ C₆H₁₂O₆(s) + O₂(g)
(g) - gas
(s) - solid
➔ light and chlorophyll
The ____ of a plant is the major photosynthesis organ. Its flat surface enables the maximum of _____ to be captured.
Plants, algae, and certain prokaryotes capture about _% of the energy in the sunlight that reaches Earth and convert it to chemical energy through photosynthesis.
Flat, disc-like sacs which contain molecules that absorb light energy for photosynthesis.
a substance that absorbs certain wavelengths (colors) of light and commonly reflects all of the others
In plants, light energy is harvested by ________ that are located in the _________ membrane of chloroplasts
What kind of light does chlorophyll absorb and reflect?
Absorbs blue and red light
Reflects yellow and green light, which makes plants appear green
What do carotenoids absorb and reflect?
Absorb blue and green light
Reflect yellow, orange, and red light
number of waves that pass a given point in a specific amount of time. Freqemcy = Hz (hertz)
During photosynthesis, one electron transport chain provides energy to make ___, while the other provides energy to make _____
What are three environmental factors that affect photosynthesis?
light intensity, carbon dioxide concentration, and temperature
cells make the carbon in glucose into stable CO₂ molecules and produce energy for ATP
CO₂ comes in where from the leaf in the dark reaction then combines with what?
stoma/stomata, RUDP (5C compound)
After CO₂ combines with RUDP to make a 6C compound what happens?
it splits apart and forms two 3C compounds (PGA)
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