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81 terms

Health Final

STUDY
PLAY
3 planned meals per day plus planned snacks
Which of the following patterns of eating is best for weight management?
Fish
Which of the following foods is a primary source of protein
20
Cholesterol testing should begin at age
Alternating binge eatingand purging through vomiting, laxatves, and diuretics
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by
Losing weight out of concern for how others view your appearance
All of the following are good strategies for a successful weight loss program EXCEPT
More than 50%
Accordng to the National Institutes of Health, about ____ of American adults are overweight
The energy required to maitain vital body functions
Resting metabolic rate
Increase fat-free mass
Metabolic rate may increase for all of the following people except thos who
Negative situations, Pleasurable challenges, Achievement of goals, (All of the above)
Stress can be the result of:
Getting a flat tire
Which of the following is an example of a stressor?
Any physical or psychological event that produces stress
The term stressor is best defined as
The physical and emotional changed associated with stress
The term stress response is best defined as
The general physical and emotional state associated with the stress response
Stress is best defined as
A divison of the autonomic nervous system that moderatesthe excitatory effect of the sympathetic system, slowing metabolism and restoring energy supplies
The parasympathetic divsion is best defied as
A division of the atonomic nervous system that reacts to danger or other challenged by almot instantly putting the body processes in high gear
The sympathetic division is best defined as
Affects body functons through the release of hormones
Which of the following best describes the endocrine system?
The fight-or-flight reaction
Your body begins releasing endorphins, your heart rate accelerates, and your hearing and vision become more acute, you are experiencing:
Perspiraton
Which of the following increse during the fight-or-flight reaction?
Vital functions of the body are maintained at a normal level
Homeostasis is defined as a state in which
Overeating and Holding it in
Which of the following is an example of an ineffective response to stress?
Somatic
Making the choice to go for a walk to cope with stress is controlled by which of the following nervous system?
Impatient
Which term best fits a Type A personality
Contemplative
Which of the following describes a person with a Type B personality?
Hostility
Which one of the following characteristics is most closely associated with ELEVATED risk of cardiovascular disease?
Type C
A person who has difficulty expressing emotions, supresses anger, and feels hopeless has characteristics of which personality type?
Can be either eustress or distress
Hans Selye theorized that stress
Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion
The normal progression for the general adaptation syndrom is
Alarm
The fight-or-flight response occurrs during the stage of the general adaptation
Alarm
Tom, is very anxious about an upcoming exam. He has no appetite, is easily distracted, and has a headache. What tage of GAS is Tom in?
Is stress triggered by a pleasant event
According to Hans Selye, eustress
Schedule tasks for peak efficiency
Which of the following is recommended by your text as a time-management strategy?
"I won the speech contest, but only because none of the other speakers was very good"
Which of the following statements is an example of negative self-talk?
Loss of pleasure in usual activities
Which of the following is a characteristic of depression?
A sudden lightening of mood in a depressed person indicates the danger of suicide has passed
Whic of the following statements about depression and suicide is FALSE
1.) Men 2.) People who have high muscle mass 3.) People who are fit and exercise regularly
RMR is higher in
Dietary Wellness
The six dimensions of wellness include all of the following EXCEPT
Emotional Wellnes
Optimism, trust, and self-confidence are components of
10-20
What isthe range of years obesity can shave off one's life?
Chronic disease
A disease that develops and continues over along period of time is a(n)
Too high in unhealthy fats
The typical American diet is
A person's belief in their ability to successfully take action and perform a specific task
Self- efficacy is
The figurative "place" considred responsible for events in a person's life
Locus of control is best defined as
Having an external locus of control
Donna is about 25 lbs overweight, and has tried a variety of dies and has repatedly failed to maintain weigh loss. She defends her weight w/ the explanation that almost all of her relatives are overweight and none has ever been successful with attempts to lose weight. Donna can best be described as
Monitor behavior, analyze data, set goals, make contract
The order in which the steps in a behavior change progam are implemented is
Muscular movement of the body that requires energy to produce
Physical activity can be defined as
Planned, strucures, and repetative
Exercise is a subset of physical activity that is
Cardiorespiratory endurance
The ability of the body to perform prolonged, large-muscle, dynamc exercise at moderate-to high levels of intensity is
Low cardiorespiratory fitness
Heart disease is linked most closely with
Amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort
Muscular strength is the
Ability to resist fatigue and sustain a given level of muscular tension over time
Muscular endurance is the
The ability to move the joints throught their full range of motion
Flexibility is best described as
Doing push-ups to develop chest and shoulder endurance
Specificity of training is best shown by which of the following examples?
20-60
The recommended time (duration) for cardiorespiratory endurance exercise is how many minutes?
Increase the intensity of exercise before incresing the time (duration) of exercise
Overuse or overtraining injuries are MOST likely to occur when you
Lifestyle physical activity
A program that includes burning 150 calories each day by 30 minutes of walking (for example is best characterized as
False
About 50% of Americans engage regularly in moderate intensity physical activity
Glucose
During digestion, most carbohydrates are broken down into
Weight lifting
An example of an activity that primarily uses the immediate energy system is
10-120 seconds
The nonoxidative energy system typically provides energy for
Poor immune function
Whch of the following is NOT one of the major cardiovascular disease risk factors?
Intensity
The recommended time (duration) of an endurance training workout is dependent on its
Restore circulation to its normal resting condition
Cooling down after exercise is important to
Use heavy resitance with few repititions for multiple sets
To build individual muscle strength and muscle size, it is best to
1-3 minutes
To gain muscular strength and endurance for general fitness, the rest interval b/w sets should last
Perform a split
Dynamic flexibility would affect your ability to do all of the following EXCEPT
Muscular strength
Static flexibility depends on all of the following EXCEPT
Improved enegy production
Which of the following is NOT a potential benefit of flexibility
May stimulate a muscular contraction during a stretch
Ballistic stretches are considered dangerous b/c they
Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx
From top to bottom, the five regions of the spine are
Have essential fat deposited in the breasts, uterus, and other sites specific to females
Women have a higher proportion of essential fat than men primarily b/c women
Lipids incorporaed into the organs and tissues
Essential fat is best defined as
Consumption of more energy tha is expended
Non-essential fat is usually the result of
Abdomen
People are at greater risk for coronary heart disease if they tend to gain weight in the
8-12%
A woman may experience amenorrhea if her percentage of body fat is less than
3-5%
A man may experience muscle wasting and fatigue if his percentage of body fat is less than
Body mass index
Which technique for evaluating health risks associated with body weight is based on the concept that a peron's weight should be proportional to his or her height?
To
Veins carry blood ____ the heart
From
Arteries carry blood ____ from the heart
Muscle; Bones
Tendons connect ____ to ____
High
The prefix hyper usually always means too
Low
The prefix hypo usually means too