Case 52: ADHD
Terms in this set (13)
If an 8 year old boy presents who is distractible, hyperkinetic, and cannot complete school work or stay on task, what is the most likely diagnosis?
What is the next step in management if a child is suspected of having ADHD?
An ADHD evaluation which consists of behavioral information obtained from both his caregiver and his school teacher
What is the definition of ADHD?
A condition consisting of developmentally inappropriate inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
What are the three subtypes of ADHD?
Inattention subtype, hyperactivity impulsive subtype, and combined subtype
What are the inattention criteria for ADHD?
Careless mistakes, difficulty paying attention, not listening, not completing assigned tasks, losing things, easy distractibility, and forgetfullness
What are the hyperactivity criteria of ADHD?
Fidgeting, getting out of seat frequently, running or climbing excessively, having difficulty playing quietly, and talking excessively
What are the impulsivity criteria for ADHD?
Blurting out answers, having difficulty waiting their turn, and interrupting or intruding frequently
How long must symptoms be present for to diagnose a child with ADHD?
For at least 6 months in two or more settings
Why is psychological and developmental testing important for children with ADHD?
Because many children with ADHD have coexisting psychiatric disorders. These include oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, anxiety disorder, and depressive disorder
What are the two ways in which ADHD can be managed?
With medications and with behavioral modification
What medications are the first line treatment for ADHD?
Stimulant medications such as methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine
What is a non-stimulant medication that is used to treat ADHD?
Atomoxotine which is a SNRI
What percent of children with ADHD function well in adulthood?