Unit 5- World war 1 Study Guide

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Militarism
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
Alliance System
A formal agreement between two or more nations or powers to cooperate and come to one another's
Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Nationalism
A sense of unity binding the people of a state together; devotion to the interests of a particular country or nation, an identification with the state and an acceptance of national goals.
Balkans
A large peninsula in southeastern Europe containing the Balkan Mountain Range
Triple Alliance
Alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy at the end of the 19th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to World War I.
Triple Entente
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
Archducke Ferdinand
Spark of the war. Was assassinated by Gravrilo Pirncip
Black hand
Serbian nationalist/terrorist group responsible for the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand which resulted in the start of World War I.
Allied powers
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
Central powers
In World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
Schlieffen Plan
A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war on two fronts
Western Front
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other.
Eastern Front
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
Battle of Marne
A major French victory against the invading German army at the start of WWI.
Battle of Somme
A 1916 WWI (1914-1918) battle between German and British forces. Ending in a stalemate, the bitter three-month conflict is notable for the high number of casualties- 1.25 million men killed or wounded - and the first use of tanks in warfare.
Dardanelles
A vital strait connecting the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. Was used by the Allies until the Ottomans cut them off.
Serbia
Serbia was part of the spark event that started the war. On June 28th 1914, Archduke Ferdinand and his wife Sophia were killed by a Serbian. A-H demanded that the killers be turned over for trial but Serbia refused. Russia had a secret alliance with Serbia so when A-H attacked she came to help. Great Britain and France came in to help Russia. Germany and Italy came in to help A-H.
No Man's Land
A strip of land beween the trenches of opposing armies along the Western Front during WW1
Stalemate
A situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
Trench Warfare
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
New Weapons
machine guns,rapid-fire artillery, hand grenades, submarines, and poison gases
Propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
Rationing
A limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use
US ties to Britain
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Lusitania
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
Zimmerman Telegram
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
When Germans announced resumption of unrestricted submarine, US broke off diplomatic ties, and later declared war on Germany
Woodrow Wilson
..., 28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
Big Four
David Lloyd George of Great Britain, Georges Clemenceau of France, Vittorio Orlando of Italy and Woodrow Wilson of the U.S.
Armistice
A state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
Fourteen Points
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
Costs of the war
There were several. South lost its men and its leaders in the war. The total cost of the war was 15 billion dollars (worth MUCH more today). And overall there were 600,000 American dead and 400,000 American injured.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
A signed agreement between Russia and the Central Powers when Russia withdrew from the War. Russia surrendered Poland, the Ukraine and other territory.
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
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