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72 terms

Chapter 25 History

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New Deal
Roosevelt's programs for helping the US economy during the Great Depression
bank holiday
temporarily closed every US bank to stop massive withdrawls
Emergency Banking Act
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Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
agency created in 1933 to insure bank savings deposits
Home Owners Loan Corporation
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Farm Credit Administration
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Frances Perkins
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Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
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Harry L. Hopkins
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Civil Works Administration
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Civilian Conservation Corps
agency established in 1933 to employ young men on conservation projects
Securities and Exchange Commission
created by the Federal Securities Act
John Maynard Keynes
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National Industrial Recovery Act
Federal law designed to encourage economic growth by suspending the antitrust laws and eliminating unfair competition between two employees
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
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Public Works Administration (PWA)
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Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
created by the Agricultural Adjustment Act to reduce farmers' output and increase crop prices
Southern Tenant Farmer Union
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Tennessee Valley Authority
program that built dams and power stations to provide hydroelectric power and flood control to the Tennessee River valley
David E. Lilienthal
headed the TVA
Department of the Interior on Racial Matters
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Robert C. Weaver
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Federal Council on Negro Affairs
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Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR)
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Marian Anderson
world famous African American singer;
John Collier
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Indian Reorganization Act of 1934
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American Liberty League
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Dr. Francis E. Townsend
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Charles E. Coughlin
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Huey Long
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Share-Our-Wealth
relief program by Huey Long that was established to empower the government to seize wealth from the rich through taxes and provide a guaranteed minimum income and home to every American family
Second New Deal
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Works Progress Administration
agency created to put American men and women to work
National Youth Administration
agency that provided part time jobs to people between the ages of 16 and 25
Mary Mcleod Bethune
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Social Security Act
law that provides retirement pensions, unemployment insurance and payments to people with disabilities and widows and children of male workers who have died
Rural Electrification Administration
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Revenue Tax Act
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Alfred Landon
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Wagner-Connery Act
National Labors Relations Act; law established that guaranteed labor's right to organize unions and to bargain for better wages and working conditions
Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
labor group formed in 1938 that organized all workers in a particular industry into one union
sit-down- strike
method used by striking workers of preventing owners from replacing them by refusing to leave the factories
Farm Security Administration
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Roosevelt's recession
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Dust Bowl
name given to parts of the Great Plains in the 1930s after a severe drought struck the region
Okies
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Field Workers Union
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Roy E. Stryker
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Walker Evans
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Gordon Parks
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Margaret Bourke-White
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Dorthea Lange
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Federal Project Number One
program that created a national banking system to help the government control the economy
Federal Theater Project
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Federal Music project
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Federal Arts Project
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John Steinbeck
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Zora Neale Hurston
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Richard Wright
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Gone with the Wind
Best-selling novel of the 1930s, by Margaret Mitchell; made into one of the most popular films of all time in 1939
Escapist films
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Frank Capra
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Aaron Copland
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Thomas A. Dorsey
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Mahalia Jackson
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Benny Goodman
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Jacob Lawrence
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Georgia O'Keefe
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Regionalists
Midwestern artists popular in the 1930s who stressed local folk themes and customs in their work
American Gothic
one of the most famous regionalist paintings, by Grant Wood
Anna "Grandma" Moses
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