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STRAYER: CH. 9: CHINA & THE WORLD (Quiz Wed 3.13.19)
Terms in this set (26)
Foreign-born general who led a major revolt against Tang dynasty in 755-763, perhaps provoking China's turn to xenophobia (fear or dislike of foreigners).
The "way of the warrior," referring to the military virtues of the Japanese samurai, including bravery, loyalty, and and emphasis on death over surrender.
China's only large-scale cultural borrowing before the twentieth-century; it entered China from India in the first and second centuries C.E.
A variation of Chinese writing developed in Vietnam that became the basis for an independent national literature; translates as "southern script."
Chinese practice of tightly wrapping girls' feet to keep them small, begun in the Tang dynasty; an emphasis on small size and delicacy was central to views of female beauty and patriarchal control.
A phonetic alphabet developed in Korea in fifteenth century.
China's capital during the Song dynasty, with a population of more than a million people.
(794-1185 AD) Capital of Japan (now known as Kyoto); culture flourished, with local aristocratic (wealthy) families taking on more authority; to keep peace and order, samurai were developed and served local aristocrats in the city
Sacred spirits of Japan, whether ancestors or natural phenomena; their worship came to be called Shinto much later.
The capital of Korea in the medieval era, modeled on the Chinese capital of Chang'an.
Perhaps Japan's greatest author, a woman active at the Heian court who is best known for The Tale of Genji, which she wrote around 1000 C.E.
Japan's first capital city, modeled on the Chinese capital of Chang'an.
A philosophy that emerged in Song-dynasty China; it revived Confucian thinking while adding in Buddhist and Daoist elements.
Pure Land Buddhism
A school of Buddhism that proved to be immensely popular in China; emphasized salvation by faith in the Amitabha ("Infinite Light") Buddha as a god.
Members of Japan's warrior class, which developed as political power became increasingly decentralized.
Japanese statesman (572-622) who launched the drive to make Japan into a centralized bureaucratic state modeled on China; he is best known for the Seventeen Article Constitution, which lays out the principles of this reform.
The first ruling dynasty to bring a measure of political unity to the Korean peninsula (688-900).
Song Urban Revolution
A major economic quickening that took place in China (960-1279); marked by rapid population growth, economic specialization, the development of an immense network of internal waterways, and a great increase in industrial production and innovation.
Ruling dynasty of China (581-618) that effectively reunited the country after several centuries of political fragmentation.
Ruling dynasty of China from 618 to 907; noted for its early openness to foreign cultural influences (in particular, Buddhism).
Highly stylized form of Japanese poetry that has been a favored means of expression for centuries.
Chinese method of securing peaceful foreign relations. Assumed the subordination of all non-Chinese authorities and required gifts be given to the Chinese emperor (although the Chinese gifts given in return were often more valuable).
Two Vietnamese women who launched a major revolt against the Chinese presence in Vietnam in 39 C.E.; the rebellion was crushed and they committed suicide, but they remained symbols of Vietnamese resistance to China into the 20th century.
Turkic empire of the Central Asian steppes; flourished in the eighth century C.E.
Sui emperor (581-604) who promoted Buddhism.
Led the Tang Dynasty (625-705 AD); only female emperor in Chinese history.
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