The Declaration of Independence
Terms in this set (9)
freedom from control by another government or country
a formal, written request made to an official person or organization
The Olive Branch Petition
Petition passed by 2nd Continental Congress pledging its loyalty to England and asking for a peaceful end to the conflict. King George the III rejects it and orders British ships to blockade all shipping to the colonies.
Second Continental Congress
1775: They wrote the Olive Branch Petition, organized the Continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence, led the country during the Revolution.
a pamphlet published in 1776 by Thomas Paine that persuaded many American colonists to support independence.
Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain. He also wrote the pamphlet "The Crisis" (1776) encouraging soldiers to keep fighting in the war for Independence despite the difficulties they faced.
Declaration of Independence
the document written to declare the American colonies as an independent nation, free from British rule. Written by Thomas Jefferson who had the job of explaining to the rest of the world why the colonies were making this choice.
rights common to everyone, as opposed to those given by law. All people are born with these rights: Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
17th century English philosopher who opposed who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property. He also believed that governments get their rights form the people they govern (not God). His ideas where used by T.Jefferson and incorporated into the Declaration of Independence.
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