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Ch.13 Europe and The Middle Ages
Terms in this set (64)
After the Roman Empire declines, what is the new period of history called?
Middle Ages/Medieval Period
What three things does the Medieval Period have its roots in?
1. Roman Culture
2. Roman Catholic Church
3. Customs of various Germanic Tribes
The Western Roman Empire is broken into how many kingdoms?
What was the unifying force in these 6 smaller kingdoms?
A political system. Land legally belongs to the king or ruler. Nobles or lords are granted the use of the land in return for loyalty and military service to the king and protection to the people who live on their estates.
What are the 4 points of the life of medieval peasants?
Marriage, Rights, Dues, and Protection
What is more important to peasants: the right to stay on his lord's land or his freedom to leave?
Right to stay on his lord's land
Peasants cannot marry without whose content?
How many days of labor due peasants owe their lord every week?
Where do peasants go for protection?
Behind castle walls
Why did peasants stay on their manors?
Why did peasants need protection?
Invaders were striking Europe
What language did the invading Germanic Tribes speak?
As German-speaking peoples mixed with the Roman population...
What continue to break up the once unified Roman Empire?
Development of other languages
What was the one thing in Europe that provided order and security?
Who tried to spread Christianity?
What are buildings for religious men called monks or religious women called nuns who devote themselves to prayer?
Who were the only people that were literate in Europe?
Priests and people of the Church
In what former province did the Franks, a Germanic tribe, convert to Christianity?
By the 700s, what Kingdom was the strongest one in Europe?
Who was the Frankish leader who defeated the Mulsim raiders at the battle of Tours?
What battle was highly significant for European Christians because if the Muslims won, Western Europe would'be become Muslim and Christianity would've disappeared from all civilization?
Battle of Tours
Who was Charles Martel's grandson?
Charles The Great (Charlemagne)
Who was the most powerful king in Europe who spreaded Christianity and unites Western Europe?
Charles the Great
Who attacks Europe from the North?
Who attacks Europe from the East?
Who attacks Europe from the South?
Who owns all the land and decides who he'll give it to?
What did people have to do before they received land from the king?
Swear an oath
Who were landowners during Feudal Times?
What is the land the lord receives called?
What's another term for the lord who receives the land from a king? (Also includes church bishops)
Who were mounted armored horsemen?
What gave knights more agility?
Leather saddles and stirrups
Knight training: Age 7. A boy in feudal Times begins to learn fighting skills
Knight training: Age 14. Continue fighting skills, act as a servant to the knight
Knight training: Age 21 full fledge knight
What's a medieval term that developed by 1100 AD and was a code of behavior for a knight?
What three masters were knights supposed to defend?
Earthly feudal lord, heavenly lord, your chosen lady
Who were peasants that were NOT slaves to the king?
Most people in feudal Times were...
Who could not lawfully leave the place they were born and were willing to stay for protection?
A name for lord's estate
An average of how many families lived on the manor
A social political and economic system in the middle ages
Castes were built with what because kings attended mass?
Lords who served in what could attend Mass in the castle chapel?
King's Royal Court
Collection of 1/10th of the yearly income from every Christian family
Dictated the rules on marriage and religious practices
What's another name for crusade?
The Crusades were rough for control of what
The Holy Land (Jerusalem)
In 1096 AD who called for the Crusades because Christians who were traveling to the Holy Land were being attacked by Muslims?
Pope Urban II
What happened during the 1st Crusade?
Christians take back Holy Land
What happened during the 2nd Crusade?
Muslims take the Holy Land
What happened during the 3rd Crusade?
Muslims keep the Holy Land
What happened during the 4th Crusade?
Muslims keep the Holy Land
In the 3rd Crusade who went and fought the Crusade?
Richard the Lion-Hearted
The third crusade ended with the king and who signing a truce?
What did Saladin agree to do to end the Third Crusade?
Allow Christian pilgrims to visit Jerusalem
What is another name for the Bubonic Plague?
The Bubonic Plague reached Europe b/c what carried fleas onto merchants ships and brought the disease from Asia to Europe
How many Europeans died from the Black Death?
All peasants owed their lords how many days of abortion every week?
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