Topic 7 SEHS HL


Terms in this set (...)

outermost layer of skin
middle layer of skin
Functions of the skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Sensation, Vitamin D synthesis, Excretion.
Brain stem
Connects the brain and spinal cord
Contains thalamus and hypothalamus
The "little brain" at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance
Largest part of the brain broken down into lobes
Brachiocephalic trunk
The first large artery arising from the aortic arch. It carries oxygenated blood to the neck, head, and brain.
Common carotid artery (left and right)
Artery that supplies blood to the face, head, and neck.
Blood Brain Barrier (BBB)
physiological barrier between the circulatory system and the central nervous system that establishes a privileged blood supply, restricting the flow of substances into the CNS
Brain stem function
Cardiovascular and respiratory control
Diencephalon: Thalamus function
Relay and processing centers for sensory information (pain, temperature, pressure)
Diencephalon: Hypothalamus function
Integrates and controls autonomic function and neuroendocrine system.
Maintains homeostasis (heart rate, blood pressure, pituitary gland, body temperature, appetite, thirst, circadian rhythms)
Cerebellum function
Association, sensory, motor
frontal lobe function
involved in motor function: problem solving, memory, judgment, impulse control
Parietal lobe function
Somatic sensory processing linked with movement
Occipital lobe function
visual processing
Temporal lobe function
Limbic lobe function
Regulates motivational and emotional states
Long term memory
Cerebellum function
Coordination of voluntary movements and balance. Makes possible all skilled motor activities,
from catching a ball to dancing.