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Terms in this set (50)
Caste systems -
born untouchable you stay untouchable, no one else will interact with you because you are at the top. You marry with in your caste hangout with people in your caste
Class systems -
lower class middle class upper class
white, black, Hispanic
in historical context, where your ancestors are from, personal history, region, neighborhood
the theory that all aspects of a society serve a function and are necessary for the survival of that society.
Conflict theory -
when things start to fall apart
Social mobility -
the ability to move from one class to another
Bands(mode of subsistence)
foragers - population (25-150) - land use practices (extensive) - sedentism (no) - exchange (reciprocity) - organization of labor (lineage) - division of labor (egalitarian) - no leaders with actual authority
tribes(mode of subsistence)
horticulturalist, pastoralism - population (100-1000) - land use (extensive) - sedentism (yes/no) - exchange (reciprocity/redistribution) - organization of labor (family/lineage) - division of labor (gender) - no leaders with actual authority
Chiefdoms (mode of subsistence)
- horticulturalist, pastoralism, agriculturists - population (10,000s) - land use (both) - sedentism (yes) - exchange (redistribution) - organization of labor (family unit) - division of labor (gender) - leaders with authority
agriculture (mode of subsistence) agriculture
agriculture - population (and up) - land use (intensive) - sedentism (yes) - exchange (market exchange) - organization of labor (paid worker)
if you have settled down, majority of the year in one spot - division of labor (classes/caste) - leaders with authority
intervention in a dispute in order to resolve it; arbitration
discussion aimed at reaching an agreement.
a formal judgment on a disputed matter
the state or quality of being efficient, or able to accomplish something with the least waste of time and effort; competency in performance.
refers to the infinite capacity of human language to create new messages - never before uttered - to convey information about an infinite number of subjects in greater and greater detail.
is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.
an annual schedule of mobility and wild resource exploitation which takes advantage of when the most valuable or needed wild resources are available.
division of labor
local custom, mutual agreements, or prescribed by other entities holding access rights.
tending to spend much time seated; somewhat inactive.
a society which lacks political leaders or hierarchies. Such groups are also known as egalitarian or non-stratified societies.
institutions created to unite tribal groups in response to external threats- warrior societies, elder councils, specific lineages, or voluntary associations
is one that ranks individuals in terms of their genealogical distance from the chief. Closer relatives of the chief have higher rank or social status than more distant ones. When individuals and groups rank about equally, competition for positions of leadership may occur.
conformity to the law or to rules
a select part of a group that is superior to the rest in terms of ability or qualities
also known as "slash and burn" horticulturalism. Involves cutting and burning of jungle to enrich normally nutrient-poor soils.
- sickness transferred from animals to humans
forms the state's administrative hierarchy with codified roles and functional rules
geographic information system
is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data.
an act of violent or open resistance to an established government or ruler.
a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.
refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
leadership or dominance, especially by one country or social group over others
a sovereign state whose citizens or subjects are relatively homogeneous in factors such as language or common descent.
the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.
a confraternity or association, especially a Roman Catholic religious guild or brotherhood.
is a highly influential individual in a tribe, especially in Melanesia and Polynesia
the culture of plants for food, comfort and beauty.
is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock.
is the production of food and goods by means of forestry, farming, utilizing machinery, irrigation systems, and fertilization.
A mode of production in which goods are produced through mass employment in business and commercial operations and through the creation and movement of information through electronic media
is the development and proliferation of complex, interdependent international connections created through the movement of capital, natural resources, information, culture, and people across national borders
Modes of Production:
is a sub-specialty within the field of anthropology that takes an active role in examining the relationships between humans and their environment across space and time.
reciprocity (generalized and balanced)
the practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit, especially privileges granted by one country or organization to another.
the distribution of something in a different way, typically to achieve greater social equality.
is a highly organised market where brokers and traders buy and sell securities such as shares, commodities, currencies, futures and options
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
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