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A person that studies artifacts


a society that has cities, government, and specialized workers


Modern humans and the ancestors of modern humans


The recorded events of people from the past


a system to water dry crops used by people in the ancient world

oral tradition

stories passed by word of mouth from generation to generation


The period of time in the past before writing was invented

social class

Priests, nobles, and slaves are examples of this


more than what is needed of something like food.


a person with no settled home


a worker who is especially skilled at crafting items by hand


to tame animals and breed them for human use


a person who studies written records and why societies survive.

By hunting animals and gathering wild plants

How did people in the Old Stone Age get their food?

New Stone Age

During what time did people begin to farm the land for the first time?

use fire

During pre-history people developed the ability to do what?


A surplus of food allowed people to the New Stone Age to become___________.

a dependable water source

What did farming settlements in the New Stone Age need in order to develop into cities?

social classes

A characteristic of a civilization in the ancient world

a trader

Who would best be able to spread new ideas and tools from one civilization to another?


What does the word part "pre" mean?

By studying his clothing, tools, and body

How did scientists learn more about the Iceman's life?

because regular flooding provided rich soil for farming.

Why did the ancient Egyptian civilization begin on the banks of the Nile River?

Old Stone Age

Almost all of human prehistory took place during this time.

The beginning of farming

What is the major difference beween the Old Stone Age and the New Stone Age?

hunting and gathering

How did people get their food during the Old Stone Age?

They settled in one place

How did farming change the way early people lived?

having surplus food

What factor let to rapid population growth?

develop into cities.

Having a dependable water source helped some farming settlements do what?

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