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20 terms

CH. 13 & 14 Vocabulary

U.S. History
STUDY
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Telegraph
apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wire (usually in Morse code)
Robert Fulton
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
Samuel Morse
United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791-1872)
John Deere
United States industrialist who manufactured plows suitable for working the prairie soil (1804-1886)
Cyrus McCormick
United States inventor and manufacturer of a mechanical harvester (1809-1884)
Trade Union
an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer
Cotton Gin
a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers
Yeoman
in former times was free and cultivated his own land
Tenant Farmer
a farmer who works land owned by someone else
Nat Turner
United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia
Industrial Revolution
A large-scale change, beginning in England in the mid-1700's, from making goods by hand to making them using machines such as the cotton loom, water frame, and interchangeable parts.
Lowell System
The Lowell system was based on water-powered textile mills that employed young, unmarried women from local farms. The system included a loom that could both spin thread and weave cloth at the same time
folktales
Enslaved parents kept their heritage alive by passing down family histories as well as African customs and traditions through stories.
spirituals
Emotional Christian songs sung by slaves which blended African and European music to express their religious beliefs
Nat Turner's Rebellion
In Virginia in 1831, Turner led about 70 slaves into a revolt against their masters. As a result, slave states strengthened slave codes and became more united in their support of fugitive slave laws.
interchangeable parts
identical parts made by machine instead of by hand used in tools and instruments (parts can be easily assembled and replaced)
mass production
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply by machine
Mark Twain
author of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer; also known as Samuel Clemens
scientific agriculture
the use of scientific methods to improve farming.
Gibbons v. Ogden
A Supreme Court case dealing with the power of the federal government to regulate commerce. Chief Justice John Marshal ruled that federal law overruled state law.