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Type, Function, Assessment
Terms in this set (11)
Assessment: Identify familiar odors with each nares separately
Function: Vision-controls central and peripheral vision.
Assessment: Snellen chart, light reflex
Function: Controls pupillary constriction. Extraocular eye movement, elevation of eyelid, pupil constriction
Assessment: Assess EOM with 6 cardinal positions of gaze. Cover/uncover, test constriction with pen light.
Function: Extraocular eye movement.. Acts as pulley to move the eyes down, toward tip of nose.
Assessment: Same as CN III, also instruct patient to follow your finger while you move it down toward nose.
3 branches of CN V-Trigeminal Nerve: Opthalmic Branch, Maxillary Branch, and Mandibular Branch. CN V Covers most of face (forehead, cheek, and jaw.
Type: Trigeminal Opthalmic Branch
Function: Somatic sensations of cornea and face
Assessment: Teeth Clenched
Type: Trigeminal Maxillary Branch
Function: Somatic sensations of face, oral cavity, tongue, teeth
Assessment: Corneal Reflex
Type: Trigeminal Mandibular Branch
Function: Somatic sensations of lower face, mastication (chewing)
Function: Lateral Eye movement.
Assessment: Look ear to ear.
Function: Facial expression, taste, tongue, salivation
Assessment: Smile, puff cheeks,frown
Type: Vestibular and Cochlear (sometimes called Acoustic Nerve)
Function: Equilibrium (balance) and hearing
Assessment: Check for balance and hearing (rub fingers together by each ear
IX and X
Type: Glossopharyngeal (IX) and Vagus(X)
Function: Taste, tongue, pharyngeal sensation
Assessment: (CN IX and CN X are checked together). Gag reflex, taste. Ask the patent to open mouth and say AHH-uvula should be in the midline, and palate should rise. Assess ability to swallow.
Type: Spinal Accessory
Function: Neck and shoulder movement
Assessment: Shrug shoulders. Ask patient to raise his shoulders against your hands to assess the trapezius muscle. Ask patient to turn head against your hand to assess sternocleidomastoid muscle
Function: Tongue Movement
Assessment: Move tongue side to side
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